air pollution prevention

air pollution prevention
Paper details:

write 3 assignments on air pollution. 4 questions in each assignment and 250 words in each question
ASSIGNMENT # II
Question 1
1.
Mortality measures deaths, while morbidity measures ill health. Describe how dose-effect relationships are used to determine morbidity and mortality. If the mean annual PM10 concentration increases by 1 µg/m3 in a population of 100,000 people, how many more people will get asthma? Explain. Examine the dose-effect relationship that is used in predicting increased morbidity and mortality, and discuss its flaws.

Your response must be at least 250 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 2
1.
Table 12.1 on page 312 lists the top ten major industrial disasters from 1945-1990. Research one of the disasters and write an essay discussing:

• Background of the company or organization involved in the disaster
• Why the disaster occurred
• Health effects resulting from the disaster
• Lessons learned from the disaster

Your response must be at least 250 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 3
1.
What are WHO guidelines for PM10? Discuss the NEERI study results presented on page 299. Present three reasons why indoor air pollutant concentrations, which are often higher than outdoor concentrations, can increase the risk of illness.

Your response must be at least 250 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 4
1.
Consider Table 11.5 on p. 307 of the textbook, noting that “R” is the Indian (country of India) currency called “rupee.” Search the internet to determine the current number of rupees equivalent to one U.S. dollar. Compute the U.S. dollar cost of an emergency room visit for someone in Delhi, India. Describe three societal problems that result from adverse health effects resulting from air pollution.

Your response must be at least 250 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

ASSIGNMENT # III

Question 1
1.
Summarize the content in three of the subsections within section 6.2 of Chapter 6, which is entitled “Constituents of Polluted Air.” What was most significant about their content? List three items that the authors said in section 6.2 that surprised you, and explain why you were surprised. What is the authors’ definition of ultrafine particles? According to the authors, what part of red blood cells does carbon monoxide bind to that produces carboxyhemoglobin?

Your response must be at least 300 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 2
1.
Summarize three of the subsections within Section 6.6, entitled “Systemic Effects of Air Pollution in Urban India,” and explain what is most significant about their content. What population percentage in Delhi had depression, according to a 2006 publication by Twisha Lahiri, one of the chapter authors? How did that urban percentage compare with depression levels in rural areas? List three items that the authors said in section 6.6 that surprised you, and explain why you were surprised.

Your response must be at least 300 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations
Question 3
1.
Section 10.3 of Chapter 10 describes a case study of air pollution within a kitchen of a residential house in Singapore. Describe and discuss the sample collection, including the five cooking methods investigated. Which methods of cooking were the best and worst? (Note that the y-axes in Figure 10.3 have different scales.) List three items that surprised you about the case study in section 10.3, and explain why you were surprised.

Your response must be at least 300 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Question 4
1.
Section 10.4 of Chapter 10 examines a case study concerning air pollution in a real-world environment. Describe the sampling site locations and particulate matter sizes sampled; list three PAH’s that were sampled. Explain how the AirmetricsMiniVol portable air sampler works. Which location in the case study had the highest average mass concentration of PM2.5? Why? What type of cooking (deep-frying, stir-frying, or boiling) results in the highest PM2.5 concentrations and thereby poses the highest health risks?

Your response must be at least 300 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
ASSIGNMENT # 6
Question 1
1.
Perform a Web search of sulfur dioxide detectors (or monitors).

a. Identify two models of SO2 detectors. Include the Websites.
b. Present the specifications of one of the monitors in your own words. For instance, what concentration range does it detect? What is the accuracy of the instrument? Does it run off batteries or a power cord? Does it only store the data in the instrument, or can it transmit the data wirelessly to a remote computer or data storage device?
c. Explain the principles of how the device operates.
d. What is the cost of the instrument?

Your response must be at least 250 words in length. All sources used must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations
Question 2
1.
Perform a Web search of particulate matter monitors.

a. Identify two manufacturers of particulate matter monitors and provide the URLs for their Websites.
b. Present the specifications of one of the monitors in your own words. For instance, what size particles does it detect? What is the accuracy of the instrument? Does it run off batteries or a power cord? Does it only store the data in the instrument or can it transmit the data wirelessly to a remote computer or data storage device?
c. Explain the principles of how the device operates.
d. What is the cost of the instrument?

Your response must be at least 250 words in length. All sources used must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations
Question 3
1.
Explain the following aspects of particulate matter sampling:

a. What is the impact of humidity on particulate matter measurements?
b. Describe direct mass measurement techniques for particulate matter sampling.
c. What are the advantages and disadvantages of tapered element oscillating microbalances, beta gauges, and light-scattering instruments?

Please provide exact page citations in your references.

Your response must be at least 250 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations
Question 4
1.
Present a plan for monitoring carbon monoxide in a city such as St. Louis, Missouri. Include monitor locations and why you chose those sites. Include comments about the accuracy of the required monitoring equipment, and take into account the averaging periods in the NAAQS. Please provide exact page citations in your references.

Your response must be at least 250 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations

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