Are women jazz musicians treated equally to men in current-day jazz culture?

Are women jazz musicians treated equally to men in current-day jazz culture?

Section 1 – Introduction (about 1 page)

Provide background and context about your topic.

Finish the introduction with your thesis statement.

Let’s say I choose this thesis question:

“Are women jazz musicians treated equally to men in current-day jazz culture?”

Then the introduction should include text such as:

It may be argued that women have achieved equal status in many areas (business, politics, academia, and publishing). Since the rise of the feminine consciousness movement in the 1960s and 1970s, there is ample statistical documentation of women breaking the “glass ceiling.” (Jacobs 2004:267) Etc.

My term paper will show that, in the jazz community, women musicians are denied the same level of respect and participation enjoyed by men. Etc.

Section 2 – Body (about 6 pages)

Provide support for (argue for) your thesis statement.

Try to prove that your thesis statement is correct.


According to the Collegiate Jazz Journal (Harris 2008:144), the gender discrepancy among first year jazz students in the colleges studied was pronounced. A ratio of almost 8:1 male to female students was found although the ratio of applicants was 3:2 female. Etc.

As made evident by the following quotes, jazz musicians I have interviewed admit a bias against women.

“Even if they play well, female jazzers just don’t fit in.” (Citation here)

“Jazz musicians have to communicate freely while they play. Women musicians have a different way of relating.” (Citation here)

“Women don’t like the way we joke around. So it gets tense.” (Citation here) Etc.

In 2015, according to Downbeat magazine, there were 47 major releases of jazz albums featuring male musicians and only 15 featuring females. Etc.

Section 3 – Conclusion (about 1 page)

Summarize your research in support of the thesis statement.

Suggest areas of further research. Include personal observations.


My research shows a marked discrepancy between the way female and male jazz musicians are treated. This paper shows clear statistical evidence from the educational and commercial communities that men are taken more seriously and given greater opportunity to excel in jazz careers. Etc.

Interviews that I have conducted with prominent jazz musicians confirm a bias toward male musicians and a reluctance to work with, or hire female musicians of the same caliber. Etc.

Whether this same gender bias exists in other genres of music, e.g. classical, is a concern that merits further research. Etc.

In your term paper, label each section (“Introduction”, “Body”, or “Conclusion”).

Here is a video guide to writing a thesis term paper:


Your Term Paper must include a bibliography page (works cited) of six or more appropriate sources.

Be selective when choosing your source material.

Your sources must include at least one scholarly (academic) article

Other sources may include:







All sources listed in the bibliography must be used and correctly cited in your paper.

by including an interview as a source.

Interviews of authors, musicians, and other experts (professors, etc.) make great sources.

Consider an interview by email, in person, or by telephone.

Research Help

For help with research see these websites:

Lindsay Hansen is the music research expert at the library. She is available to help you. Contact her at:, 818-677-7147


Grades will be based on:

Quality of Research


Use of material (scholarly article, possible interview)

Quality of Writing



Sentence structure

Correct word usage

Use of paragraphs



Adherence to Thesis Structure

1. Introduction

2. Body

3. Conclusion

Points will be subtracted if finds excessive copying (plagiarism).

Do NOT copy from your sources.

To improve your writing skills, please visit the CSUN UNIVERSITY WRITING CENTER

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