Big five inventory (psychology)/Self Report Measures for Love and Compassion Research: Personality

Big five inventory (psychology)/Self Report Measures for Love and Compassion Research: Personality

One of the most widely recognized trait theories of personality is the Big 5 personality factors. Please take and complete the Big 5 Inventory (BFI; see link on
CANVAS) and score your responses. Describe how your scores accurately reflect your own personality with examples from your day-to-day life.

Self Report Measures for Love and Compassion Research: Personality
John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big-Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and
theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory
and research (Vol. 2, pp. 102–138). New York: Guilford Press.
Description of Measure:
44-item inventory that measures an individual on the Big Five Factors (dimensions) of
personality (Goldberg, 1993). Each of the factors is then further divided into personality facets.
The Big Five Factors are (chart recreated from John & Srivastava, 1999):
Big Five Dimensions Facet (and correlated trait adjective)
Extraversion vs. introversion Gregariousness (sociable)
Assertiveness (forceful)
Activity (energetic)
Excitement-seeking (adventurous)
Positive emotions (enthusiastic)
Warmth (outgoing)
Agreeableness vs. antagonism Trust (forgiving)
Straightforwardness (not demanding)
Altruism (warm)
Compliance (not stubborn)
Modesty (not show-off)
Tender-mindedness (sympathetic)
Conscientiousness vs. lack of direction Competence (efficient)
Order (organized)
Dutifulness (not careless)
Achievement striving (thorough)
Self-discipline (not lazy)
Deliberation (not impulsive)
Neuroticism vs. emotional stability Anxiety (tense)
Angry hostility (irritable)
Depression (not contented)
Self-consciousness (shy)
Impulsiveness (moody)
Vulnerability (not self-confident)
Openness vs. closedness to experience Ideas (curious)
Fantasy (imaginative)
Aesthetics (artistic)
Actions (wide interests)
Feelings (excitable)
Values (unconventional)
For more information about the Big Five, visit this website:
Self Report Measures for Love and Compassion Research: Personality
Abstracts of Selected Related Articles:
Bouchard, T. J. & McGue, M. (2003). Genetic and environmental influences on human psychological
differences. Journal of Neurobiology, 54, 4-45.
Psychological researchers typically distinguish five major domains of individual differences
in human behavior: cognitive abilities, personality, social attitudes, psychological interests,
and psychopathology (Lubinski, 2000). In this article we: discuss a number of methodological
errors commonly found in research on human individual differences; introduce a broad
framework for interpreting findings from contemporary behavioral genetic studies; briefly
outline the basic quantitative methods used in human behavioral genetic research; review
the major criticisms of behavior genetic designs, with particular emphasis on the twin and
adoption methods; describe the major or dominant theoretical scheme in each domain; and
review behavioral genetic findings in all five domains. We conclude that there is now strong
evidence that virtually all individual psychological differences, when reliably measured, are
moderately to substantially heritable.
Tkach, C., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2006). How do people pursue happiness?: Relating personality,
happiness-increasing strategies, and well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 7, 183-225.
Five hundred ethnically diverse undergraduates reported their happiness strategies – that
is, activities undertaken to maintain or increase happiness. Factor analysis extracted eight
general strategies: Affiliation, Partying, Mental Control, Goal Pursuit, Passive Leisure,
Active Leisure, Religion, and Direct Attempts at happiness. According to multiple regression
analyses, these strategies accounted for 52% of the variance in self-reported happiness and
16% over and above the variance accounted for by the Big Five personality traits. The
strongest unique predictors of current happiness were Mental Control (inversely related),
Direct Attempts, Affiliation, Religion, Partying, and Active Leisure. Gender differences
suggest that men prefer to engage in Active Leisure and Mental Control, whereas women
favor Affiliation, Goal Pursuit, Passive Leisure, and Religion. Relative to Asian and
Chicano(a) students, White students preferred using high arousal strategies. Finally,
mediation analyses revealed that many associations between individuals’ personality and
happiness levels are to some extent mediated by the strategies they use to increase their
happiness – particularly, by Affiliation, Mental Control, and Direct Attempts.
Shiota, M.N., Keltner, D., & John, O. P. (2006). Positive emotion dispositions differentially
associated with Big Five personality and attachment style. The Journal of Positive
Psychology, 1, 61-71.
Although theorists have proposed the existence of multiple distinct varieties of positive
emotion, dispositional positive affect is typically treated as a unidimensional variable in
personality research. We present data elaborating conceptual and empirical differences
among seven positive emotion dispositions in their relationships with two core personality
constructs, the ‘‘Big Five’’ and adult attachment style. We found that the positive emotion
dispositions were differentially associated with self- and peer-rated Extraversion,
Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Openness to Experience, and Neuroticism. We also found
that different adult attachment styles were associated with different kinds of emotional
rewards. Findings support the theoretical utility of differentiating among several
dispositional positive emotion constructs in personality research.

Self Report Measures for Love and Compassion Research: Personality
The Big Five Inventory (BFI)
Here are a number of characteristics that may or may not apply to you. For example, do you agree
that you are someone who likes to spend time with others? Please write a number next to each
statement to indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with that statement.
a little
Neither agree
nor disagree
a little
1 2 3 4 5
I see Myself as Someone Who…
____1. Is talkative ____23. Tends to be lazy

____2. Tends to find fault with others ____24. Is emotionally stable, not easily upset
____3. Does a thorough job ____25. Is inventive
____4. Is depressed, blue ____26. Has an assertive personality
____5. Is original, comes up with new ideas ____27. Can be cold and aloof
____6. Is reserved ____28. Perseveres until the task is finished
____7. Is helpful and unselfish with others ____29. Can be moody
____8. Can be somewhat careless ____30. Values artistic, aesthetic experiences

____9. Is relaxed, handles stress well ____31. Is sometimes shy, inhibited
____10. Is curious about many different things ____32. Is considerate and kind to almost
____11. Is full of energy ____33. Does things efficiently
____12. Starts quarrels with others ____34. Remains calm in tense situations
____13. Is a reliable worker ____35. Prefers work that is routine
____14. Can be tense ____36. Is outgoing, sociable
____15. Is ingenious, a deep thinker ____37. Is sometimes rude to others
____16. Generates a lot of enthusiasm ____38. Makes plans and follows through with
____17. Has a forgiving nature ____39. Gets nervous easily
____18. Tends to be disorganized ____40. Likes to reflect, play with ideas
____19. Worries a lot ____41. Has few artistic interests
Self Report Measures for Love and Compassion Research: Personality
____20. Has an active imagination ____42. Likes to cooperate with others
____21. Tends to be quiet ____43. Is easily distracted
____22. Is generally trusting ____44. Is sophisticated in art, music, or
BFI scale scoring (“R” denotes reverse-scored items):
Extraversion: 1, 6R, 11, 16, 21R, 26, 31R, 36
Agreeableness: 2R, 7, 12R, 17, 22, 27R, 32, 37R, 42
Conscientiousness: 3, 8R, 13, 18R, 23R, 28, 33, 38, 43R
Neuroticism: 4, 9R, 14, 19, 24R, 29, 34R, 39
Openness: 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35R, 40, 41R, 44

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