Harvard referencing also known as parenthetical referencing is a popular writing style among the university students. The partial citations are embedded in the text enclosed within a parenthesis either within or at the end of the sentence. The referencing is available in two styles namely the author-date and the author-page techniques. In-text citations are used when paraphrasing or directly quoting a text.
The American Psychological Association (APA) style is a writing style that is famous for citing social sciences sources. It requires the use of a twelve-point Times New Roman (TNM) font for readability purposes. A running head and a title of the paper are included in the header of the cover page. An abstract should follow to highlight on the contents of the paper and then the body whereby the header should exclude the word ‘running head.’ In-text citations should include both the author and year. The last page contains a reference page outlining the sources of in-text citations.
Modern Language Association (MLA) style is popular among scholars pursuing humanities and liberals arts studies. Papers written in this style do not have a cover page, and the header includes the surname of the writer only. In-text citations within the article ought to include the surname of the author as well as the page number of the source. It employs a twelve point TNM font for purposes of clarity. The last part includes a ‘works cited’ page that highlights the sources used in the article.
The Chicago referencing style is commonly used by those pursuing literature, liberal arts, and humanity studies. The style is unique with the use of footnotes or endnotes as part of in-text citations. It has a cover page, and the header includes the title of the paper. At the last part, there is a ‘bibliography’ page indicating the sources of the footnotes and endnotes used in the text.

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