20 Essay Writing Tips that are Crucial for University Student
What is an essay?
An essay is a commonly assigned form of writing assignment by students while in academia requiring the use of grind skills such as close reading, analysis, contrast and comparison, conciseness, exposition, clarity, and persuasion. Essay writing encourages students to develop concepts and ideas in the direction beyond their own thinking.
Get more information with regards to writing an essay here
Strategies for writing an essay
Strategies of essay writing become comfortable and familiar by traversing through processes of composing essay and introduction to the essay genres as follows:
- Expository Essay
The student is required to:
- Explore an idea
- Examine the evidence
- Discuss on the idea
- Present the expounded idea in a concise and clear manner.
The conciseness of the idea is accomplished through defining, comparing and contrasting, and analyzing the causes and effects.
The design of expository essay is connected by the following:
- A thesis statement in the first paragraph which is concisely and clearly defined – A thesis statement should follow a narrowed guidelines set forth in the essay.
- The passage from the introduction, the body to the conclusion should be clear and logical – The transition holds together the foundation of the essay to avoid a collapsed structure of the argument.
- Body paragraphs with supporting evidence – Each idea should be exposed in each paragraph to allow for a clear direction throughout the essay.
- Supporting evidence includes either logic, facts, anecdotal or statistics.
- Artfulness and creativity – This is an art form of nonetheless to leave a lasting impression in the reader’s mind.
- A conclusion should re-address the evidence provided, and restate the thesis statement. New information should not be stated in the conclusion.
- 2. The Descriptive Essay
A descriptive essay requires the students to describe something such as the person, object, place, experience, situation, emotion, and others. It encourages the ability of the student to present a written account of a given experience and allows the development of vivid description and artistic freedom to create an image in the reader’s mind. A descriptive essay can be developed in the following way:
>Brainstorming – It begins by writing down the main ideas followed by compiling lists of descriptions on each of the ideas.
Fig 1: Brainstorming
>Use concise and clear language – Choose words carefully to develop relevance of the idea being described.
>Choose a vivid language – For example, tempestuous in place of violent; stallion instead of a horse; miserly in place of cheap and others.
>Use senses – When presenting a description of something, make it captivating to the reader’s senses. Give explanations of the feeling, taste, look sound or smell.
>Give your thoughts – Describe the feelings or emotions related to the topic to connect at the deeper level with the reader. Some have felt ecstatic joy, mild complacency or crushing loss in lives. Tap this feeling or emotional reservoir to attain the full potential of description.
>Leave the audience with a lucid impression – One of the purposes in descriptive writing is to induce a strong sense of appreciation and familiarity in the audience.
>Be systematic – Fall into a coherent description of senses and emotions when writing a descriptive essay. Present a logical and organized description to make the reader come away with a cogent sense from the essay.
- 3. Narrative Essay
The narrative essay allows the students to express themselves experientially, anecdotally and personally to display creativity. This essay follows the following guidelines:
- The essay includes all the parts of the story –The introduction, characters, plot, climax, setting, and conclusion should be included.
- The essay may not be written as a story when writing a book report, which focuses on providing an informative narrative to the reader.
- It should be a purpose – Display the point which serves as the thesis of the story.
- Demonstrate a clear point of view – It should be written from the author’s standpoint, however, this is not the sole perspective especially when writing a book report.
- Use concise and clear language throughout the essay – Choose the language artfully and carefully for an effective essay, and to evoke specific senses and emotions in the reader.
- In most cases, the first person pronoun is required, but it should not be overused.
- Be organized – A clear introduction is required to set the tone for the remainder essay, such that the reader is not left guessing the narrative of the essay.
- 4. Argumentative Essay
The student is required to explore a topic; then collect, create and assess the evidence to ascertain the position of the argument concisely. The argumentative essay is distinguished from the expository essay by how it leans on invention and research. This essay requires an experiential research where the student collects data through surveys, interviews, experiments or observations. The student is required to develop various arguments surrounding the topic and provide evidential support in every argument. Custom writing services are crucial to many students to ensure they deliver quality essays. Check out the best essay writing service here
I cant emphasize this enough;
The argumentative essay requires:
- A concise, clear and a well-defined thesis statement
- The logical and clear transition between the introduction, the body, and the conclusion
- It should have evidential support in the body paragraphs.
- The conclusion readdresses the evidential support.
The goal of conciseness in essay writing is to use the words that are most effective. Apart from using the fewest words, it requires using the strongest words. Phrases and words are chosen deliberately to serve a particular purpose. The essay is far more readable and concise when effective words are used. The following are the tips for pruning the sentences to improve concision:
- Replace vague words with more specific and powerful words – Avoid using ambiguous words when expressing the concept, but rather relay the concept using fewer specific words. As a general rule, when more specific words are used in the essay it becomes more concise. Searching or brainstorming a thesaurus can lead to best-suited words for a given instance. For example:
- Wordy: He talked about several of the merits of the program
- Concise: He touted the program
- Wordy: He believed but could not make an assertion that Markel had feelings for her.
- Concise: He assumed that Markel adored her.
- Cross-examine every word in the sentence – Check that every word in the sentence provides unique and important meaning. The deadweight words should be deleted or replaced. For example:
- Wordy – He demonstrated some of the methods and ways for cutting words and phrases from the essay.
- Concise – He demonstrated the methods of cutting words from the essay.
- Combine sentences – Some of the information in the essay does not require full sentences but can be inserted in another without losing the value of the meaning. For example:
- Wordy: Maxwell’s castles are an astounding marriage of madness and beauty. He had ordered two castles before his death.
- Concise: Maxwell’s castles are an impressive marriage of madness and beauty.
- Use the paramedic method – This method activates the sentences annihilating redundancies and passive voice. It helps to make the sentences more centered on the user and persuasive. The following are the steps for students to improve the readability of the sentences in an essay:
- Mark the propositions using a circle (into, for, onto, in, of)
- Draw a box around the verb forms of “is”
- Identify the action
- Transform the “action” into a simple verb
- Place the doer into the subject
- Eliminate slow wind-ups which are unnecessary
- Eliminate redundancies
Fig 2: Using the Paramedic Method
- Reverse paramedic method – It reverses the activity’s purpose and assists in implementing and recognizing the passive voice and is often used when writing scientific articles.
The student can add a variety of sentences to add the rhythm and the life in the essay as well as add emphasis and reduce repetition. Too many sentences with similar lengths and structures make the essay monotonous for the readers. A lot of information can be incorporated into long sentences, whereas short sentences can be used to maximize crucial points. Sentence variation can be used in the following ways:
- Alternating the long and short sentences to vary the rhythm – Write the sentences with different lengths for effective emphasis.
- Vary the openings of the sentence – When many sentences start with It, This, The, or I, the essay becomes tedious for the reader, and by varying these phrases and words can be refreshing.
why does this matter?
The language that fits the reader and that matches the purpose should be used when writing an essay. Some argument may damage the student’s credibility, alienate the audience or undermine the argument. The following are some of the appropriate language styles to use:
- Formality levels – Write in a style expected by the audience and that which fits the purpose of the essay.
- In-Group jargon – Use jargon only when writing to the members of a particular group and not when addressing the general audience.
- Avoid idiomatic expressions or slang
- Avoid using euphemisms, and deceitful and biased languages.
Essay Writing Topics
Selecting an essay topic
When writing research articles, a student is required to select a specific topic. Writing my essay as a student i am required to choose a topic that is narrow, focused and with adequate information. The following tips can be considered when selecting a research topic:
- Brainstorm for ideas – Decide on a topic that is interesting by asking questions such as: Do you have a strong opinion on the current controversy/topic? Are you interested in the current political events? Are you interested in medicine or health? Write down the key concepts or the words of interests after answering these questions.
- Study the background information – Read an encyclopedia or a research article addressing the general ideas of the topic while noting the key concepts and ideas related to the research topics. The key concepts of the research articles can be obtained by reading the abstract or the summary of the article.
- Focus on the selected topic – A too narrow or broad topic may be difficult to research. A broad topic can be narrowed by limiting the topic in terms of geographical area, culture, time frame, population group or discipline. A too narrow topic can be made broad by considering the interrelationships with other topics.
Fig 3: Developing a Research Question
- Highlight the useful keywords – Note the words used to describe the topic. By reading the research article keep track of the general information and the background, and then find the narrower terms, key concepts and synonyms to widen the research capabilities.
- Develop flexibility – Modify the quality of the topic while doing the research. While doing the research much information may be found prompting the topic to be narrowed or little information prompting the focus of the topic to be broadened.
- Provide the definition to the topic as a concise research question – Begin with a term or the word, and then create a more critical interest in an aspect connected to that word.
- Read thoroughly and research more about the topic selected – Use the developed keywords to gather more information from the catalog, internet search engines, and research article databases to help in answering the question. Do more reading and some research before deciding on the final topic.
- Formulate the thesis statement in the first paragraph of the essay – Thesis statement provides the answer to the research question and the purpose or objectives of the research.
Fig 4: Selecting a research topic
How to research
When doing research to write an essay, the following steps are necessary:
- Brainstorming strategy – It refers to what you know about the research question and the questions you want to be answered by the sources.
- Reading skills – Read purposefully selecting the main concepts from the sources or research articles.
- Highlight and make notes on the main concepts selected. Keep these concepts in a continuous prose.
- Create an outline plan and develop a draft using the writing outline created.
- Correct the possible errors or omissions made when developing the essay.
- Cite the sources used in the essay.
- Publish the final essay.
- Fig 5: Research process