Career Paths, Skills, and Strategies of School Executives

Career Paths, Skills, and Strategies of School Executives

Research questions and and response data is attached.

DEMOGRAPHICS CAREER PATHS SKILLS STRATEGY If you had to do it all over again, would you choose to be a superintendent?
What is your racial/ethnic group? What is your highest degree earned? What is your approximate? age? Which best describes the community in which your school district is located? What is the present student enrollment of your school district? Please identify your present position. What was your approximate age when you were first employed full-time in an administrative position in a school? What was your approximate age when you became a school executive (assistant/associate superintendent, superintendent)? How long have you been a school executive (assistant/associate superintendent, superintendent) in North Carolina? Which of the following educational experiences best describe your career path to the superintendency? Please indicate the degree to which each of the following may help advance career opportunities for individuals aspiring to the superintendency. [Emphasis placed on improving instruction] Please indicate the degree to which each of the following may help advance career opportunities for individuals aspiring to the superintendency. [Knowledge of instructional process (teaching and learning)] Please indicate the degree to which each of the following may help advance career opportunities for individuals aspiring to the superintendency. [Knowledge of curriculum] Please indicate the degree to which each of the following may help advance career opportunities for individuals aspiring to the superintendency. [Ability to maintain organizational relationships] Please indicate the degree to which each of the following may help advance career opportunities for individuals aspiring to the superintendency. [Interpersonal skills] Please indicate the degree to which each of the following may help advance career opportunities for individuals aspiring to the superintendency. [Responsiveness to parents and community] What is your perception of the most important reason you were employed by your present Board. In your opinion, which of the following is your Board’s primary expectation of you as a school executive? How many years of experience have you had as a teacher (not including administrative experience)? If you hold a doctorate, do you think having the doctorate helped you attain a school executive position? Was relocation (moving your primary residence) necessary for obtaining your role as a school executive (assistant/associate superintendent, superintendent)? Did a practicing or retired administrator serve as a MENTOR helping you earn your first superintendency? Did a practicing or retired administrator serve as a SPONSOR helping you earn your first superintendency? Have you ever served as a MENTOR for someone aspiring to become a school executive (assistant/associate superintendent, superintendent)? Have you served as a SPONSOR for someone who successfully obtained a position as a school executive (assistant/associate superintendent, superintendent)? In your opinion, how essential is “MENTORSHIP” for aspiring school executives in North Carolina? In your opinion, how essential is “SPONSORSHIP” for aspiring school executives in North Carolina?
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 41-45 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 31-35 41-45 2-3 T-P-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES YES YES NO IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 41-45 16+ T-P-COA-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES YES YES YES YES YES IF IF Unsure
Black Doctorate 60+ Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 36-40 6-7 T-P-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES NO NO NO YES YES SIF SIF Definitely YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 60+ Suburban/Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Superintendent 36-40 46-50 8-9 T-P-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 16-20 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) YES NO NO YES NO SIF SIF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 51-55 Urban 25,000 to 49,999 Superintendent 31-35 31-35 10-11 T-P-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 1-5 YES YES NO NO YES YES SIF NF Probably YES
White Doctorate 51-55 Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Superintendent 31-35 36-40 12-13 T-P-COA-AS-S SIF IF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 YES YES YES NO YES NO SIF SIF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Suburban 25,000 to 49,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 46-50 4-5 T-P-COA-AS-S IF IF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES NO YES NO YES YES IF SIF Probably YES
White Doctorate 60+ Suburban 10,000 to 24,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 31-35 16+ T-P-S IF IF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES YES YES NO YES YES IF SIF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Suburban/Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 36-40 10-11 T-COA-AS-S IF IF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES YES YES YES YES YES IF IF Probably YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Suburban 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 36-40 51-55 4-5 T-COA-P-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Restore and then change agent Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 YES NO NO NO YES YES IF SIF Probably YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 36-40 16+ T-P-COA-AS-S IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 1-5 YES YES NO NO YES NO SIF SIF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 36-40 51-55 6-7 T-AP-P-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Not sure Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 11-15 YES NO YES NO YES NO SIF NF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Superintendent 31-35 36-40 8-9 T-P-S SIF SIF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 NO NO NO NO YES NO IF DK Probably YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 31-35 16+ T-P-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 NO NO NO NO YES NO SIF NF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 51-55 Suburban/Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 36-40 41-45 10-11 T-P-COA-AS-S IF SIF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 11-15 YES NO YES NO YES NO IF SIF Probably YES
White Doctorate 51-55 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 36-40 41-45 12-13 T-P-COA-AS-S IF IF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Communicator (Verbal, Written, Media Relations, Listening, Speaking) 11-15 YES NO YES YES NO YES IF IF Probably NO
White Masters 41-45 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 36-40 4-5 T-P-AS-S IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) YES NO NO NO NO DK NF Definitely YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 51-55 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 31-35 41-45 6-7 T-P-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Communicator (Verbal, Written, Media Relations, Listening, Speaking) 6-10 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES NO YES NO IF NF Probably NO
White Doctorate 46-50 Suburban/Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Superintendent 31-35 41-45 4-5 T-P-COA-AS-S IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 6-10 YES YES YES YES YES NO IF SIF Probably YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 31-35 46-50 2-3 T-P-COA-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 NO YES YES NO YES NO IF NF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 36-40 2-3 T-P-COA-AS-S IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 11-15 YES NO YES YES YES YES IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 60+ Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 46-50 51-55 8-9 T-P-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 21-25 YES YES YES NO NO NO IF SIF Definitely YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 51-55 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 31-35 51-55 2-3 T-AP-P-COA-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 6-10 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) YES YES YES YES YES IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 51-55 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 31-35 41-45 4-5 T-P-COA-AS-S IF IF SIF IF IF IF I feel that the board felt I would be the right “fit” for the district. I had worked in a district previously that had similar characteristics. I also had a good understanding to the rural lifestyle and belief system. Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 YES YES YES NO YES YES IF SIF Definitely YES
Black Doctorate 56-60 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 46-50 8-9 T-P-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 YES NO NO NO YES NO IF SIF Definitely YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 46-50 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 31-35 46-50 6-7 T-P-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 16-20 NO YES YES YES YES NO IF IF Definitely YES
Black Doctorate 41-45 Urban 3,000 to 4,999 Superintendent 31-35 36-40 4-5 T-P-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES YES YES NO YES YES SIF SIF Probably YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 36-40 2-3 T-P-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Not sure Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 YES YES NO NO YES YES IF SIF Probably YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 41-45 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 36-40 6-7 T-AP-P AS-S IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES NO YES NO IF SIF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 60+ Rural/Urban 10,000 to 24,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 31-35 16+ T-AP-P-COA-AS-S IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Combination of Teacher/Scholar and Democratic Leader 1-5 YES YES YES YES YES YES IF SIF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 36-40 6-7 T-AP-P-COA-AS-S IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES YES YES YES YES YES IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Superintendent 36-40 46-50 8-9 T-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 11-15 YES NO YES NO YES NO IF NF Probably YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 36-40 41-45 2-3 T-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 11-15 YES NO YES YES YES NO IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 41-45 4-5 T-AP-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 YES YES NO NO NO NO NF NF Definitely YES
White Bachelors 36-40 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 30 or younger 12-13 COA-S SIF SIF SIF IF IF IF Ability to lead, manage, and run a business Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 0 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) YES YES NO YES YES IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 36-40 16+ T-AP-P-COA-AS-S IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES YES NO NO YES NO NF NF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 36-40 Suburban/Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 31-35 4-5 T-AP-P-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES YES YES NO YES YES IF SIF Probably YES
White Masters 51-55 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 31-35 51-55 4-5 T-P-S IF IF IF IF IF SIF Potential to be a change agent Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 16-20 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES YES YES NO IF IF Unsure
White Masters 46-50 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 31-35 46-50 2-3 T-AP-P-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 11-15 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO NO NO NO NO IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 36-40 16+ T-AP-P-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Communicator (Verbal, Written, Media Relations, Listening, Speaking) 1-5 YES NO NO NO YES NO IF SIF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 31-35 46-50 4-5 T-AP-P-COA-AS-S IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Communicator (Verbal, Written, Media Relations, Listening, Speaking) 6-10 YES YES YES NO NO NO IF SIF Definitely YES
Black Doctorate 46-50 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 31-35 10-11 T-AP-P-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 YES YES YES NO YES YES IF IF Unsure
Black Doctorate 46-50 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 31-35 41-45 1 T-AP-P-AS-S SIF SIF SIF IF IF IF Experience as a Superintendent Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 1-5 YES YES NO NO NO NO SIF DK Probably YES
White Doctorate 60+ Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Superintendent 46-50 51-55 8-9 T-AP-P-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 21-25 YES YES YES NO YES YES IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 51-55 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 36-40 46-50 6-7 T-AP-P-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Communicator (Verbal, Written, Media Relations, Listening, Speaking) 6-10 YES YES YES YES YES YES IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 36-40 10-11 T-AP-P-COA-AS-S IF IF SIF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Communicator (Verbal, Written, Media Relations, Listening, Speaking) 1-5 YES YES YES NO YES NO IF DK Definitely YES
Black Doctorate 46-50 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 31-35 41-45 1 T-AP-P-AS-S SIF SIF SIF IF IF IF Experience as a Superintendent Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 1-5 YES YES NO NO NO NO SIF DK Probably YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Superintendent 36-40 46-50 8-9 T-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 11-15 YES NO YES NO YES NO IF NF Probably YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 36-40 10-11 T-AP-P-COA-AS-S IF IF SIF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Communicator (Verbal, Written, Media Relations, Listening, Speaking) 1-5 YES YES YES NO YES NO IF DK Definitely YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 41-45 16+ T-AP-P-COA-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES YES YES YES YES YES IF IF Unsure
White Doctorate 56-60 Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Superintendent 30 or younger 41-45 16+ T-AP-P-COA-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES YES YES YES YES YES IF IF Unsure
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Superintendent 36-40 51-55 6-7 T-AP-P-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Not sure Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 11-15 YES NO YES NO YES NO SIF NF Definitely YES
Black Doctorate 46-50 Suburban 25,000 to 49,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 41-45 2-3 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 1-5 NO NO NO NO NO NO IF IF Definitely YES
Black Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 56-60 Urban 50,000 to 99,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 46-50 8-9 T-AP-P-AS IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO NO NO YES YES SIF SIF Unsure
Black Doctorate 41-45 Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 2-3 T-P-COA-AS-S IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES YES YES YES YES YES IF SIF Probably YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Urban 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 36-40 1 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 1-5 YES NO YES NO NO NO IF SIF Probably NO
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 41-45 51-55 4-5 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES YES YES YES YES YES IF IF Probably NO
White Doctorate 51-55 Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 36-40 51-55 1 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 11-15 YES YES NO NO YES YES IF IF Definitely YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 56-60 Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 36-40 51-55 2-3 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 11-15 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES NO YES NO IF SIF Probably YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 36-40 8-9 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF SIF IF IF SIF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 6-10 YES NO NO NO YES YES SIF SIF Probably YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 36-40 4-5 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 1-5 YES NO YES YES YES YES IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 51-55 Suburban 100,000 or more Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 46-50 4-5 T-AP-P-AS-S IF IF IF SIF IF SIF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 6-10 YES NO NO NO NO NO NF NF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 2-3 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 YES NO NO NO NO NO SIF SIF Probably YES
Black Doctorate 41-45 Suburban/Rural 25,000 to 49,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 36-40 6-7 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Communicator (Verbal, Written, Media Relations, Listening, Speaking) 1-5 YES NO NO NO NO NO SIF SIF Definitely YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 36-40 Suburban/Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 31-35 6-7 AS SIF IF SIF SIF IF NF HR Knowledge and legal background Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 1-5 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES YES NO NO IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 41-45 12-13 COA-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Proven history of academic success, community support and comprehensive school improvement Board’s don’t have one primary expectation. School system leadership is comprehensive and effective leaders do many things well. 1-5 YES NO NO NO YES NO SIF SIF Definitely YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 51-55 Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 46-50 4-5 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 6-10 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES YES YES YES IF IF Probably YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 6-7 T-AP-P-AS IF IF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 6-10 YES NO NO NO NO NO IF IF Probably YES
Black Dissertation Phase of my EdD 41-45 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 36-40 2-3 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 6-10 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO NO NO NO NO IF SIF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 51-55 Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 41-45 6-7 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF SIF IF IF SIF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 11-15 YES NO NO NO NO YES SIF IF Definitely YES
Black Doctorate 41-45 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 41-45 2-3 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 6-10 YES NO NO YES YES NO IF SIF Definitely YES
Black Doctorate 60+ Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 41-45 14-15 T-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 6-10 YES YES NO YES YES YES IF IF Definitely YES
Black Doctorate 46-50 Urban 100,000 or more Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 41-45 46-50 4-5 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 21-25 NO NO NO NO NO NO IF IF Definitely YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 51-55 Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) N/A (Never a school-based administrator) 41-45 8-9 T-COA-AS IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 16-20 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO NO NO YES YES SIF SIF Unsure
White Doctorate 56-60 Urban 25,000 to 49,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 36-40 51-55 6-7 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Expertise in the area that I applied for. Human Resouorces Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 26+ YES YES YES NO YES YES IF IF Definitely YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 60+ Urban 100,000 or more Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 56-60 2-3 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF SIF Not sure Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 11-15 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO NO NO NO NO SIF SIF Probably YES
Black Masters 36-40 Suburban/Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 36-40 1 T-AP-P-AS SIF SIF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Communicator (Verbal, Written, Media Relations, Listening, Speaking) 1-5 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES YES YES YES IF IF Probably NO
Caucasian/Native American Doctorate 51-55 Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 6-7 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 6-10 YES YES YES NO YES NO IF SIF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 2-3 T-AP-P-AS IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 6-10 NO NO YES NO YES YES IF SIF Probably YES
White Masters 46-50 Suburban/Rural 50,001-100,000 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 41-45 8-9 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Applied Social Scientist (Quantitative and Qualitative Research, Behavioral Sciences, Measurement Evaluation) 1-5 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO NO NO NO NO IF IF Probably YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 36-40 8-9 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 1-5 YES NO NO NO YES YES SIF IF Probably YES
White Doctorate 51-55 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 46-50 4-5 T-P-COA-AS IF IF SIF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 6-10 YES NO NO YES NO NO IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 41-45 4-5 T-P-COA-AS IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 1-5 YES YES YES NO YES NO IF SIF Definitely YES
White Masters 41-45 Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 41-45 2-3 T-AP-P-AS IF IF SIF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Combination of first three 1-5 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) YES YES NO NO NO SIF NF Definitely YES
White Masters 51-55 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 41-45 46-50 2-3 T-AP-P-AS SIF IF NF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 16-20 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) YES NO NO NO NO SIF SIF Probably YES
White Masters 51-55 Suburban/Rural 25,000 to 49,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 46-50 1 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF SIF SIF SIF I was placed as an interim when my supervisor left the LEA Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 6-10 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES YES YES YES IF IF Probably YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 2-3 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 1-5 YES NO NO NO NO NO DK DK Probably YES
Black Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 51-55 Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 46-50 6-7 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 1-5 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES YES NO NO IF IF Probably YES
Hispanic Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 51-55 Urban 100,000 or more Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 8-9 T-AP-P-AS IF IF SIF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 6-10 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO NO NO NO YES IF SIF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 4-5 T-AP-P-AS IF SIF SIF SIF SIF SIF Potential to be a change agent Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 6-10 YES YES YES NO YES NO IF NF Definitely YES
Black Doctorate 56-60 Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 41-45 46-50 14-15 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 11-15 YES NO NO NO NO NO SIF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Suburban 3,000 to 4,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 36-40 4-5 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 6-10 YES NO NO NO NO NO IF DK Definitely YES
White Doctorate 51-55 Suburban/Rural 50,000 to 99,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 46-50 8-9 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF SIF SIF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 6-10 NO NO YES YES YES NO IF IF Definitely YES
Black Doctorate 41-45 Suburban 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 1 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 11-15 YES NO YES YES YES NO IF IF Definitely YES
Black Doctorate 60+ Suburban/Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) N/A (Never a school-based administrator) 51-55 2-3 C-COA-AS SIF SIF SIF IF IF IF Not sure Communicator (Verbal, Written, Media Relations, Listening, Speaking) 16-20 NO NO YES YES YES NO IF IF Probably YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 8-9 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 11-15 YES NO YES NO YES NO IF NF Definitely YES
Black Masters 46-50 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 41-45 46-50 1 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 16-20 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES YES NO NO IF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 41-45 4-5 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF SIF SIF SIF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES NO YES NO YES NO IF IF Probably YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 41-45 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 36-40 6-7 COA-AS NF NF NF IF IF SIF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 0 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO NO NO NO NO SIF DK Probably YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Suburban/Rural 25,000 to 49,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 36-40 4-5 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 1-5 YES NO YES YES NO YES IF IF Definitely YES
White Masters 56-60 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 36-40 56-60 1 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 16-20 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES NO NO YES SIF SIF Probably YES
White Masters 60+ Suburban/Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 46-50 56-60 4-5 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 11-15 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES YES YES YES IF IF Probably YES
Black Masters 56-60 Rural 1,000 to 2,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 41-45 51-55 4-5 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Potential to be a change agent Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 6-10 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO NO YES NO NO IF SIF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 2-3 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 1-5 YES NO NO NO NO NO DK DK Probably YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 41-45 4-5 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF SIF SIF SIF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES NO YES NO YES NO IF IF Probably YES
White Doctorate 41-45 Suburban 3,000 to 4,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 36-40 4-5 T-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Manager (School Law, Personnel Administration, Finance, Budgeting, Facility Development, Maintenance 6-10 YES NO NO NO NO NO IF DK Definitely YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 51-55 Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 46-50 4-5 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 6-10 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES YES YES YES IF IF Probably YES
White Doctorate 51-55 Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 41-45 6-7 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF SIF IF IF SIF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 11-15 YES NO NO NO NO YES SIF IF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 30 or younger 41-45 12-13 COA-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Proven history of academic success, community support and comprehensive school improvement Board’s don’t have one primary expectation. School system leadership is comprehensive and effective leaders do many things well. 1-5 YES NO NO NO YES NO SIF SIF Definitely YES
White Doctorate 46-50 Rural 3,000 to 4,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 4-5 T-AP-P-AS IF IF IF SIF SIF SIF Personal characteristics (honesty, tact, etc.) Democratic Leader (Community Relations, Collaborative Decision Making, Politics, Governance) 1-5 YES NO YES NO YES NO IF IF Probably YES
White Specialist / Professional (EdS, JD) 51-55 Rural 10,000 to 24,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 46-50 4-5 T-AP-P-COA-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Ability to be an instructional leader Teacher-Scholar (Pedagogy, Educational Psychology, Curriculum, Instructional Supervision, Staff Development) 6-10 N/A (I do not have a doctoral degree) NO YES YES YES YES IF IF Probably YES
White Doctorate 56-60 Rural 5,000 to 9,999 Associate / Assistant / Chief (Superintendent) 31-35 41-45 12-13 COA-AP-P-AS IF IF IF IF IF IF Proven history of academic success, community support and comprehensive school improvement Board’s don’t have one primary expectation. School system leadership is comprehensive and effective leaders do many things well. 1-5 YES NO NO NO YES NO SIF SIF Definitely YES
1. What career pathvariations are associated with educational attainment, race/ethnicity, or place-bound versus home-bound Cabinet-Level School Executives in comparison to Superintendents in North Carolina?
H1: There is no significant difference in career path variation associated with educational attainment, race/ethnicity, or home-bound versus place-bound Cabinet-level School Executives and Superintendent in the State of North Carolina.

2. Is there a (significant difference)relationship between the skills Cabinet-level School Executives and Superintendents perceive as helpful to advance career opportunities for aspiring School Executives in the State of North Carolina?
H2: There is no relationship between the skills Cabinet-level School Executives and Superintendents perceive as helpful to advance career opportunities for aspiring School Executives in the State of North Carolina.

3. Is there a difference between Cabinet-level School Executives’ and Superintendents’ perceptions aboutspecific strategies most beneficial for aspiring School Executives in the State of North Carolina?
H3: There is a difference between Cabinet-level School Executives’ and Superintendents’

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