Consider the Ute Mountain Utes, a Native American tribe in Colorado. Tourism is a key part of that group’s income. Suppose a national economic problem similar to the economic collapse of late 2008 greatly reduced tourism and derived income for this population

Brian Cicero 3 posts
Re:Topic 4 DQ 1
Consider the Ute Mountain Utes, a Native American tribe in Colorado. Tourism is a key part of that group’s income. Suppose a national economic problem similar to the

economic collapse of late 2008 greatly reduced tourism and derived income for this population. Would a grounded theory or a phenomenological approach be the more

effective means to understand the influences of that event 5 years later? Why?
 
A qualitative research approach would be appropriate in this situation.  However, the type of qualitative research method used, either grounded theory or

phenomenological approach may be appropriate depending on the research question that is being studied and the background of the researcher.  If the research is to look

at the larger numbers of tourists a grounded theory approach would be appropriate, whereas a phenomenological approach would be more appropriate if the research

question is based on the Ute Mountain Ute tribe.
 
The grounded theory approach collects data while simultaneously analyzing it and using the emerging theory to determine the future questions (Grossoehme, 2014),

research is only concluded when the researcher feels that they have saturated the question. This method requires larger sample sizes and would be appropriate if the

researcher is looking to offer an explanation of the main concern. The research results should be more global in nature.

On the other hand, phenomenological research would be more appropriate if the goal was to explore the impact that the reduction in tourist had on the tribe itself, it

would also be more appropriate if the researcher also was a tribe member.  A phenomenological approach yields an accurate presentation of the research and the

researchers own values play an integral role in the development of the research and share knowledge on the topic (Grossoehme, 2014).  Finally, because the reduction of

tourist dollars had a negative impact, the tribe may experience shortcomings that are not shared with everyone, the impact of the shortage may not be shared globally.

In conclusion, the appropriate method would depend on the research question and the researchers own interest. An investigator that has the potential to gather large

population samples and has limited knowledge of the Native American beliefs would benefit from a grounded theory approach. If the research is based on Native American

experiences, a phenomenological approach would be more appropriate.
 
References
Grossoehme, D. (2014). Research methodology overview of qualitative research. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 20, 109-122.

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Gina Anderson 
1 posts
Re:Topic 4 DQ 1
A phenomenological approach would be able to understand people’s individual experiences in relation to this issue. A situation such as this event would affect people

in different ways, therefore this approach would help to understand the connection of the event of an economic problem and their own experiences to explain the

influences of the event. For example, a recent study on the impacts of tourism to local Alaskans used a phenomenological approach to understand how cruise ship tourism

affected the locals (Arnold, Arnold, & Chapman, 2012). In another study, researchers used to phenomenological approach to understand tourist’s specific individual

experiences since each person has different experiences and preferences (Elands & Lengkeek, 2012). In contrast, the grounded-theory approach could be beneficial for

more broad concepts, such as in the case of visa restrictions affecting international tourism (Artal-tur, Pallardo-Lopez, & Requena-Silvente, 2016). This is a

sufficient approach for broad constructs but since this is a community and the economic hardship could affect people in different ways, the phenomenological approach

would give more insight to the exact influences.
Arnold, A., Arnold, B., & Chapman, J. D. (2012). Alaskan communities’ responses regarding the economic, sociocultural, and environmental impact of the cruise ship

tourism industry. Insights To A Changing World Journal, (2), 29-42.
Artal-tur, A., Pallardó-López, V. J., & Requena-Silvente, F. (2016). Examining the impact of visa restrictions on international tourist flows using panel

data. Estudios De Economia, 43(2), 265-279.
Elands, B., & Lengkeek, J. (2012). The tourist experience of out-there-ness: theory and empirical research. Forest Policy And Economics, 1931-38.

Teresa Swain 
2 posts
Re:Topic 4 DQ 2
Suppose you are interested in how children with severe autism experienced the receipt of special education assistance in public schools. This population is

characterized by underdevelopment of social cognition, social skills, and language skills.
What is the best method for collecting data to answer your research question?
Data collection methods for qualitative studies can include field observations, documents, artifacts, focus group interviews, and individual interviews that may be

open-ended, semi-structure, or structured (Grand Canyon University, 2016).  Several methods could be employed but two of the most common include focus groups and

interviews.
Why is this method best?
Due to the nature of autism, first-hand accounts from the children themselves would be unrealistic to collect as they have difficulty in speech, expression and social

skills.  A combination of methods gathering information from other stakeholders such as caregivers, parents, teachers and administrators might be a prudent method. 

Individual interviews are important to understand individual perceptions and experiences that may provide pertinent information about individual subtleties and nuances

within autism spectrum (Gill, Stewart, Treasure & Chadwick, 2008).
The value of using focus groups would provide the collective experience that relate to group norms, meanings and processes.  It could additionally be used to provide

important feedback to the group (Gill, et.al., 2008).  By collecting data from different perspectives and by employing more than one method of data collection it

bolsters the credibility and validity of the investigation results.
Finally, field observations would serve as triangulation of data.  Authors Oliver-Hoyo & Allen (2006), point to the importance of using a variety of methods in order

to achieve valid and accurate data when using qualitative design.
How would you describe the research design?
This design would be phenomenological as the focus would be to extract deeper meaning and personal accounts of the participants who are connected to the experience but

perhaps in different ways and on different levels.
Resources
Gill, P., Stewart, K., Treasure, E., & Chadwick, B. (2008). Methods of data collection in qualitative research: interviews and focus groups.  British Dental

journal, 204(6), 291-295.
Grand Canyon University (2016).  Phenomenology and grounded theory.  PSY-850 Lecture 4. Retrieved from https://lc-grad2.gcu.edu/learningPlatform/user/users.html?

operation=home&classId=0622c645-a4c8-4400-a041-db7cfd950d8e#/learningPlatform/loudBooks/loudbooks.html?viewPage=past&operation=innerPage&topicMaterialId=d8d9d5a1-

522f-4caa-88da-388a4ed52ec6&contentId=7cf5c2fe-a73a-4b88-a2d7-f615b93c9238&
Oliver-Hoyo, M., & Allen, D. (2006). The Use of Triangulation Methods in Qualitative Educational Research. Journal of College Science Teaching, 35(4), 42-47.

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