Critique Essay on Phyllis Schlafly?s ?Facts and Fallacies about Paycheck Fairness,?

Critique Essay on Phyllis Schlafly?s ?Facts and Fallacies about Paycheck Fairness,? President Barack Obama and his feminist friends have been trotting out their tiresome slogan that women are paid only 77 cents for every dollar a man earns. Every reputable scholar who has commented has proved that this is a notorious falsehood that anyone should be embarrassed to use. U.S. law calls for equal pay for equal work, but the feminist slogan is not based on equal work. Women work fewer hours per day, per week, per year. They spend fewer years as full-time workers outside the home, avoid jobs that require overtime, and choose jobs with flexibility to take time off for personal reasons. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, men are twice as likely as women to work more than 40 hours a week. Women place a much higher value on pleasant working conditions: a clean, comfortable, air-conditioned office with congenial co-workers. Men, on the other hand, are more willing to endure unpleasant working conditions to earn higher pay, doing dirty, dangerous outside work. In 2012, men suffered 92 percent of work-related deaths. If a man is supporting his family, at the peak of his career, he often works longer hours to maximize his earnings. By contrast, a successful woman who reaches a high rank in her career is more likely to reduce her working hours. All these reasons for women voluntarily choosing lower pay are now beyond dispute among those who have looked at the facts. But even those explanations for the alleged pay “gap” are still only part of the story. Perhaps an even more important reason for women’s lower pay is the choices women make in their personal lives, such as having children. Women with children earn less, but childless women earn about the same as men.
Another fact is the influence of hypergamy, which means that women typically choose a mate (husband or boyfriend) who earns more than she does. Men don’t have the same preference for a higher-earning mate. While women prefer to HAVE a higher-earning partner, men generally prefer to BE the higher-earning partner in a relationship. This simple but profound difference between the sexes has powerful consequences for the so-called pay gap. Suppose the pay gap between men and women were magically eliminated. If that happened, simple arithmetic suggests that half of women would be unable to find what they regard as a suitable mate.
Obviously, I’m not saying women won’t date or marry a lower-earning men, only that they probably prefer not to. If a higher-earning man is not available, many women are more likely not to marry at all. In colleges, there are no gender separations in courses of study, and students can freely choose their majors. There are no male and female math classes. But women generally choose college courses that pay less in the labor market. Those are the choices that women themselves make. Those choices contribute to the pay gap, just as much as the choice of a job with flexible hours and pleasant working conditions. The pay gap between men and women is not all bad because it helps to promote and sustain marriages. Since husband and wife generally pool their incomes into a single economic unit, what really matters is the combined family income, not the pay gap between them. In two segments of our population, the pay gap has virtually ceased to exist. In the African-American community and in the millennial generation (ages 18 to 32), women earn about the same as men, if not more. It just so happens that those are the two segments of our population in which the rate of marriage has fallen the most. Fifty years ago, about 80 percent of Americans were married by age 30; today, less than 50 percent are. Just a coincidence? I think not. The best way to improve economic prospects for women is to improve job prospects for the men in their lives, even if that means increasing the so-called pay gap. The real economic story of the past 30 years is that women’s pay has effectively risen to virtual parity, but men’s pay has stagnated and thousands of well-paid blue-collar jobs have been shipped to low-wage countries. Nobody should be surprised that the marriage rate has fallen, the age of first marriage has risen, and marriage, in general, has become unstable.

ENG 101 – Essay #2 – Critique
What is a Critique?
A critique is evaluation of a text to determine, ultimately, its validity as a source. Behrens and Rosen note that ?as sources are not equally valid or equally useful, you must learn to distinguish carefully among them by evaluating them? (58).
Therefore, a critique is built on your critical examination of your source, its assertions, its evidence, and its logic (see Behrens and Rosen 59-69, for the objective criteria used in evaluating texts). It fits its purpose, occasion, subject, and audience (college-educated adults) of your essay, relates to a thesis that you develop, contains well-chosen textual support (quotes, summaries, and paraphrases), and includes a ?Works Cited? page.
Your critique will be evaluated on how well you develop, state and maintain a thesis evaluating the work of the author, how clearly you establish your main points of evaluation that support your thesis, how accurately you summarize the original text (as needed), how you organize, develop, and present your essay, and how well you maintain the focus on the ideas presented in the source and on your evaluation of them.
The Assignment
For the critique assignment, using the method I describe in my PowerPoint, you will make a critique of Phyllis Schlafly?s ?Facts and Fallacies about Paycheck Fairness,? on page 195 of The Engaged Reader.
Here are the general parts/elements of a critique that should be apparent in your essay: ? Introduction/statement of the essay?s subject and purpose ? A clear, evaluative thesis that controls the essay ? Clear topic sentences that support the thesis ? Well-chosen textual support ? Logical organization ? Effective transitions ? Conclusion ? Use of your own words ? Use of third-person voice and present tense
Essay Submission Guidelines
The finished submitted draft should be approximately four pages (1000 words) in length, although there is no upper limit on length. Please follow MLA essay format and citing sources guidelines (you can use the sample critique and the sample summary as models for how to format the essay.): ? You must use US Letter as the paper size. ? Make your margins one inch on all sides ? In the upper left hand corner of the first page only, place these four pieces of information, in this order: your name, my name (Instructor Brentar), ENG 101, and the date ? In a header on the upper right hand corner of every page, one-half inch from the top edge and flush to the right margin, in the same font as the rest of the essay, place your last name and the page number, without the word ?page? or the abbreviation ?p.? Do not introduce any vertical lines, horizontal lines, or shaded text boxes to the header.
? Double-space the entire document. Do not introduce any extra spacing after hard returns. ? Use Courier New 12 pt. font. ? Make sure you have a Work Cited page.
You will submit the draft as a computer-generated (i.e., typed) hard copy in conference. The revision will be submitted as a file attachment at the appropriate assignment page in Blackboard. Do not cut and paste your document into the submission box. You must submit it as an attachment. Also, do not send it to me as an attachment to a BB mail message.
Please name your file as follows: Yourlastname Critique Revision. Thus, if I were a student submitting the essay, its name would be Brentar Critique Revision. If you do not follow this naming procedure, I reserve the right to refuse your essay submission.
If you are a user of Microsoft Word, Open Office Write, Pages, or WordPerfect, I will have no trouble opening your attachment. If, however, you are a user of Microsoft Works, you must save a copy of your work and send it in Rich Text Format (documents saved in this format have the extension ?rtf?), or I will be unable to open your attachment successfully. If you are a user of Google Docs, remember to download the essay as a .docx, as downloading as a PDF will do weird things to the header.
Due Dates
Draft Due: at conference (10/10, 12, or 14). Final Version Due: 10/21, by 11:59 p.m.

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