Distinguish between a ?technology-based? water pollution?control program and an ?ambient-based? program.

Question
Chapter 14 Questions
1.
Distinguish between a ?technology-based? water pollution?control program and an
?ambient-based? program.
2.
In order to meet TMDL limits in a cost-effective manner, what is the appropriate role of
the equimarginal principle? What about the economic efficiency principle?
3.
Controlling the residuals from the production of bleached tissue paper is about five
times costlier than controlling the residuals from unbleached tissue paper. Analyze this
difference with our standard pollution-control model. What does it suggest in terms of public
policy toward water-pollution control?
4.
What are likely to be the main problems in establishing cap-and-trade programs for
water-pollution control?
Chapter 15 Questions
1.
Discuss the importance of the question of whether air-pollution damage functions have
thresholds for establishing ambient air quality standards.
2.
Suppose that engineers invented an accurate and reliable means of monitoring and
measuring the emissions from individual automobiles throughout the year. What possibilities
would this open up for new types of mobile-source emission control programs?
3.
The federal mobile-source air-pollution program means that new cars sold in rural
regions meet the same emissions standards as cars sold in urban areas. Because there are fewer
cars in rural areas, this means that air quality will be a lot better there than in the cities. Is this
efficient? Is it equitable?
4.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of a ?new-source? bias in stationary-source
air-pollution control? Consider especially its impacts on the incentives of the operators of
existing sources.

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