Establishing Case Definitions
Establishing Case Definitions. Answer the questions below. Write your answers in complete sentences. You may need to use additional resources outside of your textbook to complete this part of your project. Please be sure to cite any sources you may use with APA and include a Reference page.
- Although no new cases have been reported in the last 24 hours, you are concerned a second wave of illnesses could happen soon. What method of disease surveillance would you implement to find new cases among the population at risk?
- To document and organize the surveillance information, you will need a standard method of collecting data. Create or show an example of a form you would use (a disease report form) to collect information on suspected ill individuals. The form does not need to be complicated but should provide the information you need to determine if a person matches the outbreak case definition and can be used to analyze commonalities in terms of person, place and time. All state health departments will have an example of a generic disease (morbidity) report form.
- Based on the limited information at this point of the investigation, what do you believe is the agent causing the illnesses? List what you believe are possible agents (specific bacteria, toxin, virus) of the GI illness among the ill residents. To state you believe the agent is a food borne or contaminated food would not be a correct answer. If you believe it is a food borne outbreak you are to list what you think bacteria, virus or toxin was in the food or beverage. Use any reputable resource to answer this question. The Federal Department of AgricultureÂ’s (FDA) Bad Bug Book, http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodSafety/FoodborneIllness/FoodborneIllnessFoodbornePathogensNaturalToxins/BadBugBook/default.htm (Links to an external site.), CDCÂ’s Outbreak Net http://www.cdc.gov/outbreaknet/ (Links to an external site.), and CDCÂ’s A-Z Index of Foodborne Illnesses (Links to an external site.)are useful references.