European History Paper
European History Paper
Due Dates:Papers must be submitted through turnitin via blackboard by the due dates listed in the syllabus. (Note: Do NOT wait until the last minute to submit your
Topic:For this paper students will select TWO or THREE of the primary sources listed below and answer the following question: Compare and contrast the perception and
portray of a leader in two or three of the readings below and how do these differences reflect the difference societies from which they came?
o The Life of Alexander
o The Life of Charlemagne
o Machiavelli’s The Prince
Assignment:For this assignment, students will compose a well-constructed HISTORICAL ANALYSISusing 2-3primary sourcesto answer the assigned question. Your goal is to
view the sources as a scholar and utilize them to develop a fuller understanding of EuropeanHistory.
Formatting:Each paper must contain a cover page and proper citations, be typed, double-spaced, 3 to 5 FULL pages in length, and use Times New Roman 12pt. font. I will
grade you on the quality of your writing as well as the information conveyed. The Writing Center, offers free help in writing essays and I would encourage you to
utilize them as a resource.
Citations:In order to avoid plagiarism you must be citing all information in this paper – this means that each paragraph needs at least one citation (use parenthetical
citations). Remember that you must cite all information that comes from the documents not just quotes. Also, be sure to include a works citied page. Papers without
citations will not be accepted. At the end of this sentence is an example of a parenthetical citation. (Jones, 3-5) [See Handout in Blackboard]
Submission:Papers must be submitted through turnitin via blackboard. Remember to keep your receipt – if you did not receive a receipt your paper did not properly
Each paper submitted must contain the following (and it all must be in ONE file):
• A Cover Page
• 3-5 Pages of Text with Citations (not including cover page, works cited page, or checklist)
• A Works Cited Page
• A Completed Checklist (found at the end of the is handout)
The emphasis of each paper is on your ability to place the documents in historical context, effectively use evidence from the documents to convey an argument, and
developing your own historicalanalysis as a scholar. Below is a detailed list of elements you should include.
• Source Background and Historical Context [all sources] –[This should be the first paragraph of your essay – it will establish the foundation for your analysis]
[For this section ONLY you may use other sources. (Wikipedia is not an acceptable source)]
o Title of the sources being reviewed
o Type of sources (law codes, narrative, letter, biography, etc.)
o Author (also include appropriate biographical information about this person)
o Whenwere the pieces created and why is this date significant?What is happening in history at this time?
o Who is the Audience(and what can you say about them?)
o What is the Agenda? What is the author trying to convey and how do they do this?
• Description& Thesis–[This should be the second paragraph of your essay – it should clearly establish your argument and thesis] In this section you will
establish the argument you will go on to prove in the following section(the body of the paper using evidence and analysis) through use of your selected sources. The
three points of your argument should be clear in this paragraph. The purpose of this section is to clearly map your argument out for your reader so they can follow
how your analysis will answer the question posed for this paper.[Note this should be no more than one brief paragraph]
• Analysis – [This should be the third – fifth paragraphs of your essay – this is the heart of your paper!] Here you will elaborate on your three distinct points
which correspond to the questionand analyze each point with evidence as you defend your argument/thesis. Do not just summarize the document (doing so will not earn
you any credit) – instead you need to make your own analysis here that is backed by evidence and considers context (also note that repeating what a quote says in your
own words is not analysis). You as a student have developed the skills necessary to view a source as a scholar! You may use the questions and notes that I provided
for you in the unit materials for ideas but your three points here should be YOUR OWN.Note each of these three paragraphs should contain: (1) A Topic Sentence; (2)
Evidence from the sources – note here short quotes are great; (3) YOUR Analysis reflecting your established thesis [this should be about half the paragraph it is most
important]; (4) Historical Context. [Note this is to be a historical analysis – it is not an opinion paper or literary analysis]
• Conclusion–[This should be the sixth paragraph of your essay] Your conclusion should place your analysis of the sources into the larger historical context.
Your conclusion is where you will tie together overarching themes of your paper. Be careful toAVOID sentimental, emotional appeals that oversimplify the topic.
Grading Rubric – The following is the grading rubric for each paper:
20/100 Proper formatting, grammar, spelling, etc.
15/100 Background / Context [Paragraph 1]
10/100 Description / Thesis [Paragraph 2]
15/100 Proper Use of Evidence [Paragraphs 3-5]
30/100 Historical Analysis [Paragraphs 3-5]
10/100 Conclusion [Paragraph 6]
Checklist – Before turning in your paper please check that you have fulfilled each of these points…and include this checklist (once completed) with your paper – this
should be the very last page and does not count toward your page allotment.
o Does your paper have a cover page (and is this the ONLY spot where your name, date, title, etc. appear)? Have you given your paper a creative and unique
o Is your paper in Times New Roman, 12 pt. font, black ink, with 1 inch margins?
o Did you double-space your paper? (And eliminate any extra spaces between paragraphs.)
o Is your paper 3-5 full pages in length (learning to make your argument in the space allotted is an important skill to develop).
o Did you avoid stating the mechanics of the essay – phrases such as “In this essay I will….” and “The title of the document is….” do not belong in formal
o Are the primary sources and your textbook the ONLY sources you consulted for your paper? [Note you may consult outside sources for the first paragraph ONLY]
o Did you Proof-read your paper to ensure that it is free of all spelling and grammar errors and does not contain the first person (I, We) or second person
(you), colloquial language, or contractions (can’t, didn’t, isn’t, etc. should NOT appear in the paper).
o Did you underline / italicize all titles and refer to people by their full names or last names only? (Example: Abraham Lincoln or Lincoln NOT Abe or Abraham]
o Does your paper contain six paragraphs: (1) an introduction; (2) a description and thesis; (3-5) THREE distinct points of analysis; (6) a conclusion?
o Does your introduction contain all the necessary background information for properly analyzing all the sources (see list above)?
o Does your second paragraphoutline a thesis and your argument on the assigned question?
o Do each of your three paragraphs of historical analysis contain: (1) A topic sentence – your unique topic for the paragraph; (2) Evidence – what the source
says; (3) Analysis – what you have to say about what the source says; (4) Historical Context?
o Did you avoid just summarizing the sources throughout the paper?
o Are your quotes a reasonable length for the size of the paper (no longer than 2-3 lines per quote – NoBlock Quoting)? Did you avoid quoting any secondary
material including the italicized introductions to the sources?
o Do you have parenthetical citations in EVERY paragraph? Remember you need to cite ALL materials not just quotes.
o Do you have a Works Cited page?