Inclusive education in Saudi Arabia’s main stream schools
Clarity of description of purpose, rationale, and significance of the investigation
Body of the report:
Quality of literature research (e.g., currency, breadth & scholarly nature of information sources) Capacity to analyse & synthesise literature (e.g., scholarly literature, professional & policy documents) Level of critical thinking and understanding about the area under investigation.
Appropriate conclusions drawn about implications for policy or professional practice.
Presentation (e.g., quality of writing; organisation of report; referencing standards)
Title: Contains key words or phrases to give a clear and concise description of the scope and nature of the investigation.
Abstract: Summary of report (this is not an introduction). Approx. 200 -250 words
Summary of report, not an introduction
Abstract may be all that people read if the report is published. The abstract informs the reader about whether or not the report is of interest to them.
Accurately describes the purpose, general content for the report, key findings and conclusions.
Would someone reading the abstract understand what was reviewed and why, and the conclusions drawn as a result of the investigation.
Introduction: Identifies the purpose, provides a rationale and overviews significance.
Acquaints reader with the topic and purpose of the report
Describes context in which the topic is to be explored
Should generate the audience’s interest in the topic
Offers an overview of the ensuing argument/content
Constructing the initial paragraph – engaging the reader
Suggestion to use one of these:
Example – real or hypothetical
Striking image/portrait of the problem or issue
Sections: 4 to 6 well-ordered sections with logical flow of ideas.
4 to 6 sections (ensure balance of the sections plus each section has an introduction with topic sentence and conclusion)
Quality of literature research (e.g., currency, breadth, scholarly)
Capacity to analyse and synthesise literature
Level of critical thinking and understanding about the topic
Ensure readability of sections:
Provide continuity in your argument from first section to last section
Readability (or paragraph or sentence); it can be understood in one pass
Informative headings (and sub-headings) are important:
Be generous with them
Feel free to use verbs to make them informative
Finalise the headings after you have written the total report
A shift in voice from first person to present your views (I believe …) to third person to present facts (The research indicates …. ) can help to focus the reader’s attention.
Use first person to engage the reader, but use sparingly. In conclusions.
Well organised and well balanced structure
Generally moves from broad topics to specific ones
Summary at the end of each section emphasising the key points
Transition sentences provided between sections facilitate reading
Accurate, verified citations and free of plagiarism
Poor overall organizational structure
Overuse of quotes used
Serial list of ideas from authors rather than a synthesis of ideas
No distinction made between theoretical and empirical works or between the quality of sources (e.g., significant studies/authors; peer-reviewed journals versus policy document media reports) using very old theoretical references must show up the way that u still use it till this period of time.
Conclusions: Summary of main points and implications
Reiterate your main points and implications
Leave your reader with a sense that you achieved what you set out to achieve in the introduction
Do not introduce any new information
Answer any issues raised in the introduction.