microbiology

microbiology
Appendix C – Parasitology

After reading Ch. 11 in Microbiology: Principles and Explorations, complete the following matrices to compare and contrast different parasitic organisms. You may need to use the index to help you locate some of the information needed.

PROTOZOA/MASTIGOPHORANS
Organism Common Name Location in Host Mode of Transmission Geographic Location
Trypanosoma (Ch. 24) Nervous system Tsetse fly
Giardia
(Ch. 22) Ingestion of fecal matter that contains motile trophozoites Worldwide
Trichomonas
(Ch. 20) Vaginal inflammation Worldwide
Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:
SPOROZOANS
Organism Common Name Location in Host Mode of Transmission Geographic Location
Plasmodium (Ch. 11 & 23) Red blood cells Tropical areas
Toxoplasma gondii
(Ch. 23) Toxoplasmosis Worldwide
Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:
FUNGI
Organism Common Name Location in Host Mode of Transmission Geographic Location
Candida albicans
(Ch. 19) Can be sexually transmittted Worldwide
Trichophyton
(Ch. 19) Poor hygiene or suppressed immune system Worldwide
Histoplasma
(Ch. 21) Inhalation Central and eastern United States and major river valleys worldwide
Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:
HELMINTHS/FLUKES

Organism Common Name Location in Host Mode of Transmission Geographic Location
Schistoma japonicum
(Ch. 23) Lungs, liver, and urinary bladder Worldwide
Describe the disease caused by Schistoma japonicum, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:
TAPEWORMS
Organism Common Name Location in Host Mode of Transmission Geographic location
Taenia saginata (Ch. 22) Tapeworm disease Uncooked beef
Describe the disease caused by Taenia saginata, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:

ADULT ROUNDWORMS
Organism Common Name Location in host Mode of transmission Geographic location
Wucheria bancrofti (Ch. 23) Mosquitoes Tropical areas
Describe the disease caused by Wucheria bancrofti, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:
ROUNDWORM LARVAE
Organism Common Name Symptoms in host Mode of transmission Geographic location
Borrelia burgdoreri (Ch. 23)
Skin lesions and flu-like symptoms, later arthritis and heart damage
Ticks Parts of the United States, Australia, and Europe
Rickettsia rickettsii (Ch. 23) Fever, headache, rash
Rickettsia prowazekii (Ch. 23) Lice Worldwide
Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:
ANTHROPODS/ARACHNIDS
Organism Common Name Location in Host Mode of Transmission Geographic Location
Trichinella spiralis (Ch. 22) Larvae in striated muscle Worldwide
Describe the disease caused by Trichinella spiralis, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:

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