Monetary Policy and Fiscal Policy
In this Assignment, you will compute the required reserves and excess reserves using bank deposit data. You will also analyze the impacts of fiscal policy and monetary policy on the economy.
Instructions: Answer all of the following questions. You are required to follow proper APA format. Read the Criteria section below for more information before you begin this Assignment.
In this Assignment, you will be assessed on the following outcome:
MT445-5: Examine how fiscal and monetary policies affect the U.S. economy.
1. Determine whether each of the following is counted in the M1 measure of the money supply:
i. The coins in your piggy bank.
ii. The funds in your checking account at First National Bank.
iii. The funds in your savings account at Second National Bank.
iv. The traveler?s check you have left over from your trip to Germany.
v. The available balance on your Citico Gold MasterCard.
2. Refer to the simplified balance sheet for a bank and answer the following questions.
Reserves $10,000 Deposits $70,000
Loans $66,000 Stockholder’s equity $6,000
a. If the required reserve ratio is 5%, how much in excess reserves does this bank hold?
b. What is the maximum amount this bank can expand on its loans?
c. What will happen to the M1 money supply if it makes the loans under (b) above and those funds are deposited into another bank by the borrowers?
3. Identify each of the following events as:
a) part of an expansionary fiscal policy
b) part of a contractionary fiscal policy
c) part of an expansionary monetary policy
d) part of a contractionary monetary policy
i. The corporate income tax rate is increased.
ii. Defense spending is increased.
iii. Families are allowed to deduct all daycare expenses from their federal income taxes.
iv. The Federal Reserve Bank sells Treasury securities.
v. The Federal Reserve Bank buys Treasury securities.
4. Assume the Federal government runs a budget deficit in the current fiscal year.
i. How can the Federal government fund (finance) the budget deficit?
ii. If the Federal government decides to issue U.S. Treasury securities to fund the deficit, what will happen to the level of national debt, all other factor held constant?
iii. Assuming the Federal government and firms compete for the same savers? dollars in the loanable funds market, what will likely happen to interest rates?
iv. Given your answer under (ii & iii) above, is crowding out more or less likely to occur if the deficit is funded by Treasury securities? Explain.
? This Assignment should be written in Standard English and demonstrate exceptional content, organization, style, and grammar and mechanics.
? Respond to the questions in a thorough manner, providing specific examples where asked.
? Your sources and content should follow proper APA format (A title page is not required). (Review the APA formats found in the Kaplan Writing Center. To access the Kaplan Writing Center, select this link.).
? Review the grading Rubric to ensure all points have been captured in the paper.
References (add references in APA format below)
Directions for Submitting your Assignment
Complete your Assignment in this Word document. Submit your Assignment by the end of Unit 9 by clicking the Dropbox tab and select Unit 9: Assignment from the dropdown menu, then attach your file. Make sure to save a copy of your work and be sure to confirm that your file uploaded correctly.
Unit 9 Assignment
Content and Analysis Points Possible Points Earned
Determine whether each of the following is counted in the M1 measure of the money supply. (i. – v.) 10
Refer to the simplified balance sheet for a bank and answer the following questions. (a ? c) 6
Identify each of the following events as: part of an expansionary fiscal policy, a contractionary fiscal policy, an expansionary monetary policy or a contractionary monetary policy. (i. ? v.) 15
Assume the Federal government runs a budget deficit in the current fiscal year. (i. ? iv.) 8
Writing style, grammar, and APA format. 6