Morphology Worksheet

General Information
1. What are morphemes?

2. How are morphemes, free morphemes, and bound morphemes different?

3. Fill out the chart below:

Word Morphemes (list all) Free morphemes Bound morphemes
usefulness
unpeeled
salamander
crocodile
unbelievable
finger
pies
gardener
previewer
unhappier

Free Morphemes

4. Break down the category of free morphemes into lexical and functional morphemes. Define lexical morphemes and give examples.

5. Define functional morphemes and give examples.

6. Name the lexical and functional morphemes in the following sentence:

The old man sat on a chair and told them tales of woe.

a. Functional morphemes:
b. Lexical morphemes:

Bound Morphemes

7. Break down the category of bound morphemes into derivational morphemes and inflectional morphemes.

8. Define derivational morphemes and give examples.

9. Define inflectional morphemes and give examples.

10. What are the inflectional endings?

11. What are the inflectional morphemes in the following phrases?
1. the singer’s songs :
2. it’s raining:
3. the newest style:
4. the cow jumped over the moon:

12. How are derivational and inflectional morphemes different?

Languages Other Than English

Complete the following: Yule, pp. 69-72:

• Study questions #5
Provide equivalent forms, in the languages listed, for the English translations shown on the right below.

Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4 Complete this
column
Language Word in that language Meaning in English in singular or plural Meaning in English in singular or plural Translate word from column 4 into the language in column 1
Ganda omuloŋgo (‘twin’) (‘twins’)
Ilocano tawtáwa (‘windows’) (‘window’)
Kanuri nƏmkƏji (‘sweetness’) (‘sweet’)

• Research Task C
Using what you learned about Swahili and information provided in the set of examples below, create appropriate forms as translations of the English expressions (1-6) that follow.

nitakupenda (‘I love you’) alipita (‘She passed by’)

watanilipa (‘They will pay me’) uliwapika (‘You cooked them’)

tutaondoka (‘We will leave’) walimpiga (‘They beat him’)

English expressions Translate English expressions to Swahili
1- ‘She loved you’
2- ‘I will cook them’
3- ‘You will pass by’

• Research Task D
Using what you learned about Tagalog, plus information from the set of examples here, create appropriate forms of these verbs for (1-10) below.

basag (‘break’); bili (‘buy’); hanap (‘look for’); kain (‘eat’)

(‘Write!’) sumulat (‘Call!’) tumawag

(‘was written’) sinulat (‘was called’) tinawag

(‘is writing’) sumusulat (‘is calling’) tumatawag

(‘is being written’) sinusulat (‘is being called’) tinatawag

English verbs Translate verbs to Tagalog
1- ‘Buy!’
2- ‘was bought’
3- ‘was broken’

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