Based on ideas from this lesson, the existence of suffering is incompatible with the existence of God (as conceived by the Manicheans).
TRUE OR FALSE
Based on the material from this unit, the existence of suffering is incompatible with the existence of the Greek God Zeus.
TRUE OR FALSE
Consider the following claims: (A) God exists, (B) God is all-knowing, (C) God is perfectly benevolent, (D) Suffering exists. Are these four claims compatible or incompatible? Provide an explanation to defend your view.
What are two examples that Sam uses to illustrate the idea that suffering can be a necessary part of a good whole?
What is the first ingredient in Sam’s theodicy?
Which of the following is true of Pelagius?
|He agreed with Augustine’s views about free will.|
|He believed human beings can choose to do what is right without any special dispensation from God.|
|He believed that Adam did not have free will.|
|He was a Sith Lord who achieved immortality.|
On the last few pages of the First Afternoon, Gretchen suggests that there is another inconsistency in Sam’s beliefs. What are the two beliefs that Sam has that Gretchen worries may be inconsistent?
Which of the following is Dave’s preferred definition of omniscience?
|An omniscient person knows everything that can be known.|
|An omniscient person knows everything.|
|An omniscient person is able to know things that can’t be known.|
|An omniscient person is able to know anything and everything.|
In the middle of the dialogue, Sam, Gretchen, and Dave take several pages to talk about whether divine omniscience is compatible with human freedom. At first glance, this might seem odd. This dialogue is supposed to be about “Good, Evil, and the Existence of God.” So why are the dialogue characters taking time to talk about omniscience and freedom? Explain why this discussion of omniscience and freedom is important for the larger project of the dialogue.
After Sam presents the second part of his theodicy, Gretchen raises one possible objection, but they decide not to explore it here. (This will actually be the topic of our sixth unit.) Briefly describe Gretchen’s objection.
Natural evils or natural suffering do not affect human beings.
What are the three ingredients in Sam’s theodicy?
What does Gretchen mean by a “surplus of pleasure”?
13 questions total