Problems in Anxiety and Mood (Chapters 4-7)

1. here are three recognized types of phobias: specific phobia, agoraphobia, and social anxiety disorder(formerly called social phobia).
For the first three items of WA 2.1, DESCRIBE THE DISORDER such that a person unfamiliar with the disorder will get an accurate but understandable picture of each disorder. ?. DO NOT SIMPLY COPY THE OFFICIAL SYMPTOMS—–DESCRIBE AS IF YOU ARE SPEAKING TO A 15-YEAR OLD WHO HAS NEVER HEARD OF PSYCHOLOGY.

Phobias Item 1: Specific Phobia
[don’t forget to cite your source]

2. Phobias
There are three recognized types of phobias: specific phobia, agoraphobia, and social anxiety disorder(formerly called social phobia).
For the first three items of WA 2.1, DESCRIBE THE DISORDER such that a person unfamiliar with the disorder will get an accurate but understandable picture of each disorder. ?. DO NOT SIMPLY COPY THE OFFICIAL SYMPTOMS—–DESCRIBE AS IF YOU ARE SPEAKING TO A 15-YEAR OLD WHO HAS NEVER HEARD OF PSYCHOLOGY.

Phobias Item 2: Agoraphobia
[don’t forget to cite your source]

3. Phobias
There are three recognized types of phobias: specific phobia, agoraphobia, and social anxiety disorder(formerly called social phobia).
For the first three items of WA 2.1, DESCRIBE THE DISORDER such that a person unfamiliar with the disorder will get an accurate but understandable picture of each disorder. ?. DO NOT SIMPLY COPY THE OFFICIAL SYMPTOMS—–DESCRIBE AS IF YOU ARE SPEAKING TO A 15-YEAR OLD WHO HAS NEVER HEARD OF PSYCHOLOGY.

4. Phobias Item 3: Social Anxiety Disorder
[don’t forget to cite your source]

Find an online source that scientifically explains treatments forAGORAPHOBIA.
Briefly evaluate the value of the resource and provide a functioning and specific link to the site.

5. Find an online source, different from the site used above, that scientifically explains treatments for SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER.
Briefly evaluate the value of the resource and provide a functioning and specific link to the site.

6. Panic
Thoroughly describe panic disorder.
Be sure to include the differences between panic attacks and panic disorder.

7. Panic
Find an online source, different from those already used, that explainstreatments for PANIC DISORDER.
What is your evaluation regarding the usefulness of the resource?
Provide a functioning and specific link to the site.

8. GAD
Thoroughly describe generalized anxiety disorder.

9. GAD
Find an online source, different from those already used, that explainstreatments for GAD.
What is your evaluation regarding the usefulness of the resource?
Provide a functioning and specific link to the site.

10. OCD
Thoroughly describe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

11. OCD
Find an online source, different from those already used, that explainstreatments for OCD.
Evaluate the usefulness of the resource and provide a functioning and specific link to the site.

12. If there are other questions on this page, be sure to click “Next” at the bottom of the page to save your work BEFORE clicking on the video link.

https://youtu.be/dSZNnz9SM4g

Watch this nine-minute 20/20 video about Howie Mandel.
What ?basic theme? comprises the obsessive thoughts of this celebrity who suffers from OCD?

Chapter 4
Though it is not uncommon for an individual to feel fear, stress, or ?on edge? from time to time, anxiety disorders represent a very different experience. Sufferers of such illnesses experience chronic levels of severe, frequent, and disabling fear and anxiety. These symptoms interfere markedly with the individual?s ability to function on a day-to-day basis. The main anxiety disorders are generalized anxiety disorder, phobias, panic disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. People with generalized anxiety disorder experience excessive stress and worry in almost every situation but they are often unable to identify the cause of their tension. Phobic disorder is a different illness, where an individual experiences a pathological fear of a specific object, activity, or situation. Those who suffer from a phobia are able to identify the trigger of their anxiety response. Individuals with Agoraphobia are afraid to be in public places or situations for fear of having a panic attack in public or where help is not available. People with Social Anxiety Disorder have a severe, persistent, irrational anxiety about social situations or performance situations where they fear the scrutiny of others and embarrassment. Panic disorder can cause significant impairment of one?s life because of the short bursts of overwhelming anxiety, panic, and dread that can come on suddenly and often without any apparent reason. Obsessive-compulsive disorder involves obsessions (repetitive and unwanted thoughts, ideas, or impulses that seem to invade a person?s consciousness and increase anxiety) and/or compulsions (irresistible and repetitive ritualistic behaviors that prevent or reduce anxiety). In addition, DSM-5 now recognizes Obsessive-Compulsive related Disorders which is a group of four disorders: hoarding disorder, excoriation disorder, body dysmorphic disorder and hair-pulling disorder. In these related disorders, obsessive concerns drive people to repeatedly perform specific patterns of behavior that are maladaptive and disruptive to their lives.
Each model of abnormal behavior has a different perspective on the causes and treatment of anxiety disorders. The cognitive and behavioral models offer explanations that appeal to many clinicians, and these types of therapies, along with certain medications, are the most commonly used treatment modalities for anxiety disorders. Integrating the biological and cognitive perspectives has greatly increased the understanding of the root causes of anxiety disorders, especially panic disorders, while obsessive-compulsive disorder benefits from psychodynamic and behavioral contributions as well. Phobias seem to be best understood and treated from a behavioral perspective, with exposure treatments leading the way toward recovery. Future integration of various perspectives may lead to a better understanding of the causes and treatment of generalized anxiety disorder.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
The Sociocultural Perspective: Societal and Multicultural Factors
The Psychodynamic Perspective
The Humanistic Perspective
The Cognitive Perspective
The Biological Perspective

Phobias
Specific Phobias
Agoraphobia
What Causes Phobias?
How Are Phobias Treated?

Social Anxiety Disorder
What Causes Social Anxiety Disorder?
Treatments for Social Anxiety Disorder

Panic Disorder
The Biological Perspective
The Cognitive Perspective

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
What Are the Features of Obsessions and Compulsions?
The Psychodynamic Perspective
The Behavioral Perspective
The Cognitive Perspective
The Biological Perspective
Obsessive-Compulsive-Related Disorders: Finding a Diagnostic Home

Putting It Together: Diathesis-Stress in Action

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