Professional advice to better structure PhD thesis and develop critical hypothesis on Entrepreneurship

Order Description
2015 GEM
National Expert Survey Questionnaire

Tracking the quality of the entrepreneurship national ecosystems

NOTE:
All responses are confidential and neither the individual nor work organization will be identified in any report or release.

The following statements assess national conditions influencing entrepreneurial activity in your country. Please circle the most appropriate option from 1 = completely false (CF) to 9 = completely true (CT), being 5 = neither true nor false NT/NF 97 = don?t know (DK) and 98 = not applicable (NA).
All refer to your country.

Topic A: Finance In my country there is sufficient? CF NT/NF CT DK NA
A01 Equity funding available for new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
A02 Debt funding available for new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
A03 Government subsidies available for new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
A04 Funding available from informal investors (family, friends and colleagues) who are private individuals (other than founders) for new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
A05 professional Business Angels funding available for new and growing firms 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
A06 Venture capitalist funding available for new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
A07 Funding available through initial public offerings (IPOs) for new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
A08 private lenders? funding (crowdfunding) available for new and growing firms
Topic B: Government policies In my country? CF NT/NF CT DK NA
B01 Government policies (e.g., public procurement) consistently favor new firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
B02 The support for new and growing firms is a high priority for policy at the national government level. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
B03 The support for new and growing firms is a high priority for policy at the local government level. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
B04 New firms can get most of the required permits and licenses in about a week. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
B05 The amount of taxes is NOT a burden for new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
B06 Taxes and other government regulations are applied to new and growing firms in a predictable and consistent way. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
B07 Coping with government bureaucracy, regulations, and licensing requirements is not unduly difficult for new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
Topic C: Governmental programs In my country? CF NT/NF CT DK NA
C01 A wide range of government assistance for new and growing firms can be obtained through contact with a single agency. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
C02 Science parks and business incubators provide effective support for new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
C03 There are an adequate number of government programs for new and growing businesses. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
C04 The people working for government agencies are competent and effective in supporting new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
C05 Almost anyone who needs help from a government program for a new or growing business can find what they need. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
C06 Government programs aimed at supporting new and growing firms are effective. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98

Topic D: Education & Training In my country? CF NT/NF CT DK NA
D01 Teaching in primary and secondary education encourages creativity, self-sufficiency, and personal initiative. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
D02 Teaching in primary and secondary education provides adequate instruction in market economic principles. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
D03 Teaching in primary and secondary education provides adequate attention to entrepreneurship and new firm creation. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
D04 Colleges and universities provide good and adequate preparation for starting up and growing new firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
D05 The level of business and management education provide good and ade?quate preparation for starting up and growing new firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
D06 The vocational, professional, and continuing education systems provide good and adequate preparation for starting up and growing new firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
Topic E: R&D Transfer In my country? CF NT/NF CT DK NA
E01 New technology, science, and other knowledge are efficiently transferred from universities and public research centers to new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
E02 New and growing firms have just as much access to new research and technology as large, established firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
E03 New and growing firms can afford the latest technology. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
E04 There are adequate government subsidies for new and growing firms to acquire new technology. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
E05 The science and technology base efficiently supports the creation of world-class new technology-based ventures in at least one area. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
E06 There is good support available for engineers and scientists to have their ideas commercialized through new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
Topic F: Commercial & services infrastructure In my country? CF NT/NF CT DK NA
F01 There are enough subcontractors, suppliers, and consultants to support new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
F02 New and growing firms can afford the cost of using subcontractors, suppliers, and consultants. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
F03 It is easy for new and growing firms to get good subcontractors, suppliers, and consultants. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
F04 It is easy for new and growing firms to get good, professional legal and accounting services. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
F05 It is easy for new and growing firms to get good banking services (checking accounts, foreign exchange transactions, letters of credit, and the like). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98

Topic G: Market openness In my country? CF NT/NF CT DK NA
G01 The markets for consumer goods and services change dramatically from year to year. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
G02 The markets for business-to-business goods and services change dramatically from year to year. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
G03 New and growing firms can easily enter new markets. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
G04 New and growing firms can afford the cost of market entry. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
G05 New and growing firms can enter markets without being unfairly blocked by established firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
G06 The anti-trust legislation is effective and well enforced. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
Topic H: Physical Infrastructure In my country? CF NT/NF CT DK NA
H01 The physical infrastructure (roads, utilities, communications, and water disposal) provides good support for new and growing firms. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
H02 It is not too expensive for a new or growing firm to get good access to communications (phone, Internet, etc.). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
H03 A new or growing firm can get good access to communications (telephone, internet, etc.) in about a week. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
H04 New and growing firms can afford the cost of basic utilities (gas, water, electricity, sewer). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
H05 New or growing firms can get good access to utilities (gas, water, electricity, sewer) in about a month. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
Topic I: Cultural and social norms In my country? CF NT/NF CT DK NA
I01 The national culture is highly supportive of individual success achieved through own personal efforts. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
I02 The national culture emphasizes self-sufficiency, autonomy, and personal initiative. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
I03 The national culture encourages entrepreneurial risk-taking. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
I04 The national culture encourages creativity and innovativeness. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
I05 The national culture emphasizes the responsibility that the individual (rather than the collective) has in managing his or her own life. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
Topic S: Social Entrepreneurship In the next set of items civil society organizations include NGOs, trade unions, faith-based organizations, indigenous peoples? movements, foundations and the like In my country? CF NT/NF CT DK NA
S01 People who live in poverty cannot rely on the government or civil society organizations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
S02 You will find many business that provide people with basic needs that are covered by governments and civil society organizations in other countries 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
S03 Social, environmental and community problems are generally solved more effectively by businesses than by the government and civil society organizations. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
S04 Entrepreneurs? associations/groups challenge existing regulations that negatively impact particular groups in society or the environment 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
S05 The government is able to bring together potential entrepreneurs, businesses and civil society organizations around specific social, environmental or community projects. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
S06 Consumers are putting pressure on businesses to address social and environmental needs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
S07 There are sufficient private and public funds available for new and growing firms that aim at solving social and environmental problems 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98
S08 There is a lot of media attention for new and growing firms that combine profits with positive social and environmental impact. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 97 98

Opened responses: State three topics/areas that are constraining entrepreneurial activity in your country (C1-C3), three that are fostering it (F1-F3), and three recommendations to improve it (R1-R3)
C1
C2
C3
F1
F2
F3
R1
R2

R3

To help us develop a picture of the background and experience of our informed respondents, please answer the following questions.

Gender: Man Woman Age years
Studies: Primary Secondary Vocational/professional University/College MA, PhD?
Specialty (e.g. economics, laws, engineering?)?????????????????????..
For how long, in total, have you worked in areas connected to entrepreneurship? (years)

Which of the following describes you best? (tick all that apply: cell yes):
Entrepreneur (yes)
Investor, financer, banker (yes)
Policy maker (yes) Business and support services provider (yes)
Educator, teacher, researcher on entrepreneurship (yes)
Other (what?)???????????..

Thank you for your help and support. To facilitate this, please enter your personal data below. Please note that all personal details will remain confidential, are under law protection and will only be used for research purposes.
Name: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Address:…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Telephone (including international dialing code): ……………………………………………………………
E-Mail:……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………?

I am doing a research on entrepreneurship ecosystem about a country (will be communicated to the writer). My methodology involved semi structured interviews to capture the real issues about Entrepreneurship ecosystem and then followed by a standard questionnaire (attached). I did 36 interviews with experts and stakeholders as per the below (people involved/engaged with the entrepreneurial activities from policy makers and entrepreneurs). The people I interviewed represent to the following 9 entrepreneurial frameworks.
Entr. Finance Government Policy Government Entr. Programs Entre. Education R & D transfer Commercial & Legal infrastructure Entry Regulation Physical infrastructure Cultural & social norms
Involved with policy/activity 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Entrepreneurs 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Total 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

As a result from the interviews, there are various barriers, challenges and recommendations that were shared by the interviewees. All of them come under one of the above entrepreneurial frameworks.
I am using Stewardship theory as theoretical framework and I am facing a difficulty to develop proper PhD hypothesis for my thesis. I seek your support to propose few critical hypothesis and later to choose one of them to further investigation by utilizing the results from the questionnaire.
The most important aspect that this thesis is built around how policy is made. In the intended country, the interaction and involvement of entrepreneurs in policy making is quite less as per the interviews. This does indicate a power difference between entrepreneurs and policy makers and policy making seem to follow a top to bottom approach. Arab countries characterized with high power difference, collectivism, dose this impact policy making.
I am currently having data from 36 interviews and also responses to questionnaire from the same interviewees.
The thesis structure will probably have 2 parts (abductive approach):
– Inductive approach by analyzing the response from the interviews which I concluded of having a difference in policy making between policy makers and entrepreneurs
– Deductive approach: to correlate the items from questionnaire and try to propose hypothesis in this context. It is very important to identify items from the questionnaire that could reflect the power difference and later utilize the data available about other countries to draw. (Access to other countries? questionnaire data is available)
I seek your help to structure my thoughts and build strong and clear research.

The questions asked in the semi structured interviews:
a) How do you evaluate the efforts made by the government to promote entrepreneurship in the country?
b) What are the major challenges facing entrepreneurs in the country? What are the ways to resolve them?
c) What are the rules and regulation that limit or hinder the growth of entrepreneurial activities in the country? What are the entrepreneurial polices that need to be modified or developed?
d) Do you see any conflict between all the stake holders in charge of entrepreneurial policy making in the country? Stake holders may include: Ministry of Manpower, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Raffad Fund, the Public Authority for small and medium enterprises, educational institutions, the Tender Board, Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Please share examples and illustration of the same, and what are the institutions that need to work more than others in this regard
e) Do you think that entrepreneurs receive a fair chance to patriciate in the development of the entrepreneurial policies? What is more required?
Is the future promising for the growth of entrepreneurship in the country?

Your output should address the following clearly but not limited to:-
– My research started as an inductive approach, however I have responses to a standard questionnaire (attached) from all the sample which I need to utilize for the hypothesis.
– How the thesis maybe structured if I use data from both interviews and questionnaire and is it is going to be an abductive approach
– What are the elements in the questionnaire that may reflect the power difference in policy making between policy makers and entrepreneurs.
– How the data from the questionnaire can help to propose hypotheses for testing keeping in mind that I have access also to other countries data that could help or guide to generalize any findings or draw conclusions.
– I seek to get at least 5 hypotheses to choose from that should be relevant to difference in policy making between entrepreneurs and policy makers. I am finding from the interviews that entrepreneurs are receiving less chance to make policies relating to SMEs and mostly policies come from top to bottom unlike other developed countries.
Please note that there is no specific structure for this document, however I am interested more to have the document addressing the above points. I don?t expect to have much content about definitions and details that is not critical. I am expecting to get guidance and advice on how to better structure my thesis and thoughts. All relevant information may be required to better meet my expectation can be made available on request.

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