Program Evaluation Presentation
Program Evaluation Presentation
Program Evaluation Presentation
Imagine that you have a team that was hired to evaluate the success of the criminal justice intervention program selected for your Ethical Issues with Program Evaluation assignment. The organization that runs the program needs you to create a brief proposal about your plan for evaluation
Create 1- to 2-slides presenting the Target Population of your proposed program evaluation.
Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines including references. References on a 3rd slide. No markups or tracking or anything that would show you as the author. Do not lock the presentation
Ethical Issues with Program Evaluation
The case study titled Juvenile Justice Correction Facilities discusses the dilapidated conditions of a juvenile corrections facility. The facility is so poor that the municipality housed juvenile detainees in the adult corrections facility. In May of 2004 the State ordered the juveniles out of that area because it was within sight and sound of the adults. With improper sleeping arrangements, no shower, no dayroom, no outdoor area, and being in non-compliance with government standards, detained juveniles were transferred 12 hours away! Further, juvenile crimes have spiked in the case study city. The higher juvenile crimes are likely related to quick adjudication of juveniles due to inadequate detention facilities.
The selected program to mitigate this condition is to construct a new justice center housing a juvenile and adult correctional facility with a court system that includes parole, probation, and community services departments. Doing so will solve the juvenile system issues as well as solving the ancillary condition of an outdated adult correctional facility, a fragmented justice system within this city, and a spike in juvenile crimes.
The goals of the new facility are:
• improving justice system processes for juveniles,
• affording wayward juveniles the best possible outcomes through adjudication and diversion,
• protecting protect society from juvenile criminality and reduce delinquency,
• improving the adult correctional facility and court system,
• upgrading a blighted area of the city, and
• being a modernized regional justice center for the entire region.
Construction cost money. Money valuation is based on time. Building a new justice center now is less expensive than building only a juvenile system now, then building an adult system later, then fixing the courts after that. Doing it all at once allows for bulk purchase of material and labor in today’s dollars which is less expensive than the future value of money. Also, by regionalizing, the program will have greater success at federal and state funds as both levels of government support regionalized projects.
This facility will be constructed in a blighted area of the city which will encourage other new businesses to serve the personnel and end users of the new justice center. The new facility will be built in compliance with contemporary building codes and correctional facility codes. Built with a capacity for modern technology and expansion for advances in technology and increased case load the new justice center can serve as a regionalized facility assisting all law enforcement agencies in the region. Those agency will no longer bear the full cost of their own system and can pay a fee per inmate for housing and court services in the new facility.
Participants, Personnel, and Funding
The personnel will be comprised of current personnel, lateral transfers from law enforcement and justice agencies within the region, and new hires. All employees will be trained and certified according to the state standards for their profession. The participants (stakeholders) in this program are all juveniles processed through the new juvenile system, families of these juveniles, and society at large. Additional stakeholders are the law enforcement and political leaders of the municipality, the civic and faith-based leaders of the community, and those involved with the funding of the project. The funding stakeholders include the tax-paying public.
Funding options include the cost being reduced through the sale of the city-owned land on which the current correctional system is located. The municipality can apply for state and federal funds based on the regionalization of the new, full-service correctional facility. Other funding will come from the following areas: municipal bonds, using sin-tax dollars from alcohol and tobacco sales, using justice system ear-marked funds from court fees, fines, and bail bonds from criminal cases, charging neighboring municipalities for housing their inmates, tax abatement on new businesses coming into the city, income tax, sales tax, real estate tax, and campaigning for a tax levy for jail operations on the mid-term election ballot.
Constructing a new facility is the desired outcome. There can be issues with new construction in the form of cost overruns, padding the material and labor costs, and preferential bias when awarding contracts. These issues must be reviewed and satisfied from the onset. Greater cause for concern may lay with the juveniles themselves.
Juvenile correction facilities should address the special needs common among young people. Although the inmates may have cases to answer, the system should understand their developmental needs. The municipality moved juveniles to a specially designated facility separating them from the adults. However, there remain some ethical issues ranging from addressing special gender needs, to human right violation. Additionally, the increasing rate of criminal activities among juveniles despite the judicial measures could raise an additional ethical issue.
Gender disparities play a critical role in the juvenile system of justice. Male and female inmates have different psychological and emotional needs. The constitution recognizes such disparities and insists on the establishment of gender-responsive policies in running juvenile system of justice (Magoon, 2005). According to the case study, boys and girls shared sleeping rooms. Although they had different compartments, they were adjacent to each other. The close proximity created additional ethical issues like health and harassment. The differences in gender also cover sexual propensities (In the Juvenile Justice System, 2009). Some juveniles have experienced reckless sexual behavior. Creating a holding facility containing both genders can lead to exploitative sexual behavior and harassment.
Females have special needs and are often very vulnerable to extreme conditions. The Juvenile correction system should rehabilitate inmates. However, subjecting boys and girls to similar situations may destroy the girls. Instead of correcting their issues, the conditions will have destroyed them psychologically making them worse criminals. Other areas of special needs include health and nutrition. Inmates in juvenile containments are mostly in their adolescent period. As such, the girls are just on the onset of experiencing feminine physiological changes like menstruation (Roberg, 2011). Such changes require special attention and sanitation.
The case study revealed the devastating condition of the facility; no shower or continuous supply of water. The government is mandated by the constitution to provide such amenities to her citizen regardless of their condition. Exposing juveniles to such conditions not only violate their fundamental rights but also expose them to associated health risks. Other fundamental right violations captured in the cases study include forced isolation, delayed prosecution, and inadequate provision of basic amenities like a playground.
Although correction facilities should isolate suspects from the community, it is unconstitutional to subject them to conditions limiting access from loved ones. The transfer of juvenile inmates to a remote containment makes it difficult for families to visit their loved ones as frequent as they desire (Roberg, 2011). The isolation not only creates a psychological disconnect but also radicalizes young inmates, especially girls. In most cases, such inmates feel abandoned by close relatives. They meet new friends and may engage in self-destructive behaviors to fill the desire to commune with family.
The case study also highlighted the backlog of cases in the past five years. Apprehending juvenile suspects and locking them up without trial is a gross violation of their right to fair hearing and trial. Although some of them have argued their cases out through attorneys, other less fortunate ones remain in custody with little hope of facing the jury for clearance or condemnation. The delayed process creates one of the most serious ethical issues in the judicial system.
Methods to Work Around Potential Ethical Issues
Ethical issues may arise with any program or organization. However, the creators of the program can take multiple steps to work around and prevent ethical issues in the future. Taking steps to prevent future ethical issues will ensure the program functions properly with minimal legal issues.
Gender Disparities and Special Needs
Although having a separate facility for males and female remains ideal, it is not always financial possible to operate multiple facilities. Each juvenile justice facility must have separate sections for male and female offenders. Housing the juvenile offenders in different areas will prevent both sexual and non-sexual harassment from occurring while within the facility. The dining area and doctor’s officer should separate the housing section for each gender, allowing privacy for each inmate.
The needs of inmates will vary depending on gender, making it important to keep males and females in different programs. Keeping inmates in gender-based programs will allow all inmates to focus on the information and prevent harassment.
Personal Rights and Confidentiality
Although each inmate within the juvenile detention center is under the age of 18, the staff must grant all personal rights while in custody. The facility must provide adequate training to all correctional staff, giving them the knowledge needed to work with juvenile offenders. All staff must undergo various background checks, random drug testing, and obtain a child abuse clearance from the state(Smith, 2003). Additionally, the facility will investigate any claims and allegations against any correctional employee.
The staff must keep all inmate information and records private. The staff must store all documents, paper and electronic, in areas not easily assessable. The facility should store paper documents in a locked filing cabinet, with only a few select employees having keys(Smith, 2003). All electronic documents should be stored on a password protected computer, allowing access to those who know the password.
The correctional facility must remain up-to-date with all repairs and maintain sufficient living conditions. The facility will hire licensed contractors for repairs including electrical issues, security updates, and cosmetic issues. Remaining up-to-date with security features remains a crucial component to the facility. The cameras all staff to review evidence should issues arise in the future. The evidence would show misconduct between staff members as well as the behaviors of the inmates.
In conclusion there are several ethical issues that have been the issue for the rise in juvenile crimes. Under no circumstances should a juvenile be housed with adult, a juvenile is not mentally or physically ready to be an adult dominant environment. Some adults look at younger inmates as a piece of meat. They will try anything to get in their head and try to manipulate their thought process. They see a young man or women and take advantage of them by giving them snacks and other items. The program we have constructed will be a great way to eliminate the unjust treatment of juveniles. Our court system will be very strict but fair to our juvenile offenders. We understand they are considered criminals, but rehabilitation is our main factor for creating this program. Better housing facilities are much needed, we have many obstacles to overcome but with hard work and dedication it can happen. We have one of the worst inconsistent prison system in the world. Its called Department of Rehabilitation, the sad part is every inmate I have spoken with claims they were never rehabilitated and drugs and violence is worst inside than it is on the streets. Inmates run our facilities, our program is designed to combat all of the above and help rehabilitate both adults and juveniles.
In The Juvenile Justice System. (2009). Juvenile Court Judges Journal, 22(2), 29-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-6988.1971.tb00357.x
Magoon, M. (2005). Juvenile Delinquency and Adolescent Gambling: Implications for the Juvenile Justice System. Criminal Justice And Behavior, 32(6), 690-713. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0093854805279948
Roberg, R. (2011). Management research in criminal justice: Exploring ethical issues. Journal Of Criminal Justice, 9(1), 41-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0047-2352(81)90050-7
Smith, D. (2003). 10 ways practitioners can avoid frequent ethical pitfalls. Retrieved from American Psychological Association: http://www.apa.org/monitor/jan03/10ways.aspx
Juvenile Justice Correction Facilities
In May of 2004 the municipality removed juveniles from a section of the adult corrections facility, as ordered by the government, because the juvenile area did not provide sight and sound separation from the adult population. The facility was a 50-year-old, 900-square-foot holding structure located adjacent to the adult facility. It held juveniles awaiting initial adjudication and status offenders, such as those charged with underage possession of alcohol and incorrigible behavior. This juvenile facility has two sleeping rooms located next to each housing both males and females and has held up to eight juveniles at a time. It does not have a shower room, dayrooms, or an outdoor exercise area and is not in compliance with government standards.
After initial adjudication, juveniles charged with nonstatus offenses are transferred to another facility that is over 12 hours away, making visitation extremely difficult. Once there, they do not have access to family, community support, or rehabilitation services and can quickly become institutionalized.
In 2008, there were 398 minors arrested. Of these 398 minors, 141 prosecutions were initiated. Currently, there are 73 pending cases from 2008. Of these, 32 were for drug abuse, underage drinking, and possession of alcohol. Many of the 141 initiated prosecutions included multiple charges. These charges are for burglaries, theft, rapes, assaults, threats or endangerment, disorderly conduct, attempt at unlawful sexual behavior, carrying a concealed weapon, joyriding, abusing property, reckless driving, incorrigible behavior, and sexual abuse. The majority of these also included substance abuse or alcohol use.
There has been an annual increase in incidents involving juveniles from 10% to 155% per year over the last 5 years. The number of prosecutions in 2008 has increased 200% from 2007. The increasing prosecutions reflect a shift in law enforcement to preserve peace and security in the municipality. The high number of arrests reflects a dramatic increase in methamphetamine use and underage drinking. This problem has also been identified as a primary cause of the rapid increase in school drop-out rates, truancy, family conflicts, and other juvenile crime.
Juvenile offenses have dramatically increased over recent years and the need for a new facility was apparent. In response, the municipality established the Juvenile Justice Review Committee (JJRC) that is comprised of participants who want to improve the juvenile justice system. This group meets monthly and more frequently when required.