Psychological Purpose

Purpose of Paper V(Final Paper)
1). Psychological Purpose
The psychological purpose behind Paper V is to present your final paper. Essentially this paper will be similar to any article you would find in an academic journal. It will include a Title Page, Abstract, Literature Review (study one), Methods Section (study one), Results Section (study one), Brief Discussion Section (study one), Literature Review (study two), Methods Section (study two), Results Section (study two), Brief Discussion Section (study two), General Discussion Section, References, and Appendices. The good news is that for most of this paper you will simply combine Paper I, Paper II, Paper III, and Paper IV(includingany needed revisions) for Paper V. Two new components for Paper V include the Abstract and a General Discussion section.
The Abstract is one of the first items readers see. You need to convey a lot of information in this very short paragraph, as the potential reader will decide whether to read your full paper based on the information in the Abstract. There are several elements needed in the Abstract about both of your studies, including information about: a). your research questions, b). your participants, c). your experimental methodology, d). your findings, and e). your conclusions. Being able to write a precise yet succinct Abstract takes some effort, so make sure you go through several drafts before settling on your final version. Make sure to include keywords / key phrases as well (remember entering keywords into PsycInfo when you searched for articles? The authors actually recommended those keywords, so if you want to increase the number of times your paper comes up for readers, use good keywords!)
Your General Discussion section will also be new in Paper V. Here, you will summarize your results from BOTH studies and draw conclusions, but you will NOT use statistics again. This section will evaluate both of your studies and see if (and how) they connectand lead you to general conclusions. That is, your general discussion is the end of your story, so make sure to tie it back to information that you presented throughout both of your studies. You can also identify flaws in your study designs as well as propose new directions for future research in this section.
2). APA Formatting Purpose
Paper V should follow all APA formatting guidelines. See our feedback on prior papers, use Chapter 14 in your textbook, and look at the instructions on the next page for help with formatting
3). Writing Purpose
Paper V is your final paper in the course, and it should reflect the skills and knowledge you have developed throughout the semester. You should be able to convey information to an educated reader, but one who is unfamiliar with your specific study and the content area. More importantly, many students use Paper V as their writing sample for graduate school applications, thus your paper should be grammatically correct and easy to read yet informative for a reader who may have little to no knowledge of your specific topic. Thus educate your reader, but keep in mind that your reader is probably intelligent.

Instructions for Paper V: Final Paper(Worth 75 Points)
Note that these instructions relate to the whole paper, but I concentrate on the Abstract and Discussion below since those are new elements in this paper. Refer to the instructions for Paper III: Study Two Literature Review for information on the study one literature review, methods, results, and discussion and the study two literature review and references. Refer toPaper IV: Study Two Methods, Results and Discussion for information on the methods, results and discussion for study two. Title Page: I expect the following format(1 point):
a. This Title Page section will be one (1) page in proper APA format
2. Abstract(7 points)NEW SECTION
a. The Abstract starts on its own page, with the word Abstract centered (not bolded).
b. Make sure your header and page numberis still on this abstract page
c. The abstract should be no longer than250 words, and must include all of the following elements
i. Identify your general problem or research question
ii. Note your participants
iii. Note your experimental method
iv. Note your findings for both studies
v. Note your conclusions about the studies as a whole
d. Please include keywords for your study (at least 3 keywords or phrases)
3. Literature Review (Study One): I expect the following format(6 points):
a. Include your revised literature review from Paper III: Study Two Literature Review. Those instructions continue to apply to this section (recall that you revised the study one literature review for Paper III, so that Paper III literature review will be your most recent version of that study one literature review)
b. The literature review must have minimum of two(2) full pages of textand a maximum of five(5) pages
4. Methods Section (Study One): I expect the following format (6 points):
a. Include your revised methods section from Paper III: Study Two Literature Review.Those instructions continue to apply to this section
b. There is no set minimum or maximum on the length of the methods section, but I would expect at least a page as you detail your materials and procedure. Missing important aspects of your IVs and DVs or presenting them in a confused manner will lower your score in this section
5. Results Section (Study One): I expect the following format (6 points):
a. Include yourrevised results section from Paper III: Study Two Literature Review.Those instructions continue to apply to this section
b. Like the methods section, there is no page minimum of maximum for the results section, though I would expect it to be at least a paragraph or two for each of the dependent variables you analyzed
6. Brief Discussion (Study One): I expect the following format (1 point):
a. Include a brief description of your study one findings (but avoid using statistics)
b. I expect a paragraph or two, revised from Paper III: Study Two Literature Review.
7. Literature Review (Study Two): I expect the following format (6 points):
a. Include your revised literature review from Paper III: Study Two Literature Review. Those instructions continue to apply to this section
b. The study two literature review must have minimum of two(2) full pages of text and a maximum of five (5) pages
8. Methods Section (Study Two): I expect the following format (6 points):
a. Include your revised methods section from Paper IV: Study Two Methods, Discussion, and Results. Those instructions continue to apply to this section
b. There is no set minimum or maximum on the length of the methods section, but I would expect at least a page as you detail your materials and procedure. Missing important aspects of your IVs and DVs or presenting them in a confused manner will lower your score in this section
9. Results Section (Study Two): I expect the following format (6 points):
a. Include yourrevised results section from Paper IV: Study Two Methods, Results, Discussion. Those instructions continue to apply to this section
b. Like the methods section, there is no page minimum of maximum for the results section, though I would expect it to be at least a paragraph or two for each of the dependent variables you analyzed
10. Brief Discussion (Study Two): I expect the following format (1 point):
a. Include a brief description of your study one findings (but avoid using statistics)
b. I expect a paragraph or two, revised from Paper IV: Study Two Methods, Results, Discussion
11. General Discussion (12 points)NEW SECTION
a. Write the word GeneralDiscussion at the top of this section and center it. This section comes directly at the end of the brief discussion section from study two, so the general discussion section DOES NOT start on its own page. See the example paper for some formatting visual hints.
b. At the beginning of this section, give a brief reminder of your predictions from study one and study two. Then provide a discussion of your results. In English (not statistics), tell me what you found. In this discussion, you talk about all of the following:
i. An explanation of your findings – across both studies, did your results support or not support your hypothesis?
1. If you found support, tie it in with the prior research you cited in your literature review as well as your predictions. You may want to refer back to your literature review, and re-cite some of the studies you mentioned there (I really recommend that, in fact!).
2. If you didn’t find any support for your hypotheses, contrast your findings with prior research. You can highlight differences in your methodologies. You may also find other studies that either support your results or help explain why you found what you found.
3. If one study found support and the other did not, try to explain the discrepancy.
4. In a nutshell, tell me how both studies help inform the reader about the nature of your variables and how they impact human behavior.
ii. Next, examine study limitations – would other methods have been better?
iii. Propose future directions for research – If you could do your studies over again, what would you change? Or how might you expand them?
iv. End your entire paper with an overall conclusion.
c. The general discussion section must have minimum of two(2) fullpage of text and a maximum of three(3) pages. If it is only two pages, it better be very, very good! I actually expect to see closer to three pages
12. References: I expect the following format (6 points):
a. Include your revised references from Paper III: Literature Review (Study Two)
i. Include any new references you may have cited in the discussion section
b. References start on their own page
c. Follow all APA formatting rules for the references
13. Tables(3 points)
a. Here, simply include the three tables in APA format from Paper IV.
14. Overall writing quality (8 points)
a. Make sure you check your paper for proper spelling and grammar. The FIU writing center is available if you want someone to look over your paper (an extra eye is always good!) and give you advice. I highly recommend them, as writing quality will become even more important on future papers. NOTE that this writing quality is nearly 10% of your final paper grade, so I suggest you proofread!

Other Guidelines for Paper V: The Final Paper

? 1). Pay attention to the page length requirements
? 2). Page size is 8 1/2 X 11” with all 4 margins set at on inch on all sides. You must use a 12-point Times New Roman font. Double space EVERYTHING
? 3). When summarizing articles for your lit review and doing so in your own words, make sure you still cite the original source. Always use proper referencing procedures, which means that:
o If you are inserting a direct quote from any source, it must be enclosed in quotations and followed by a parenthetical reference to the source. “Let’s say I am directly quoting this current sentence and the next. I would then cite it with the author name, date of publication, and the page number for the direct quote” (Winter, 2016, p . 4).
1. Note: We will deduct points if you quote more than three times in the whole paper, so keep quotes to a minimum. Paraphrase instead, but make sure you still give the original author credit for the material by citing it or using the author’s name (“In this article, Smith noted that …” or “In this article, the authors noted that…”)
? 4). PLEASE use a spell checker to avoid unnecessary errors. Proofread everything you write. I actually recommend reading some sentences aloud to see if they flow well, or getting family or friends to read your work.

• 5). The final checklist for Paper V is on the next page

Checklist – Paper V: Final Paper
Use the check sheet below to make sure your paper is the best it can be! Make sure you answer “Yes” to all questions before submitting your paper! Some sections duplicate checklists from prior papers while those in purplefocus on new Paper V: Final Paperelements.
General Paper Format (This section is identical to the Papers I, II, III, and IV Checklists)
Yes No
1. Is everything in your paper (including headers, the main body of your mini-literature review, and your references) in 12 point Times New Roman font?
2. Is everything in your paper double spaced, including references (here I mean the spacing above and below each line, not the spaces following a period)?
3. Do you have one inch margins on all sides of the paper (one inch from the top of the page, one inch from the bottom, and one inch from each side)
4. Are the first lines of all paragraphs indented roughly ½ inch?
5. Are your paragraphs aligned left? (That is, text should be flush left, with lines lining up on the left of the page, but text should NOT line up on the right side of the page – it should look ragged)
6. Do you need help figuring out how to configure a word document in APA format (inserting headers, page numbers, proper indents, etc.)? If YES, I highly recommend watching this video which walks you through setting up an APA formatted paper! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9pbUoNa5tyY 7. Is your paper below the 60% plagiarism limit?

Title page (This section is identical to the Papers I, II, III, and IV Checklists)
Yes No Header
1. Do you have the phrase “Running head” in your header (with a lower case h)?
2. Is the rest of your Running head title in ALL CAPS?
3. Is your Running head in 12 point Times New Roman font?
4. Do you have a page number (1) that is flush right (also in 12 point Times New Roman font)?
Title / Name / Institution
1. Is your title 12 words or less (as recommended by the APA)?
2. Do all title words with four letters or more start with a capital letter?
3. Are your name and institution correct?
4. Are your title, name, and institution elements centered and in 12 point Times New Roman font?

Abstract (This section is all new)
Yes No Header
1. Is your header title present and identical to your header title on the title page?
2. Is your header title in ALL CAPS and 12 point Times New Roman font?
3. Does your header on this second page omit the phrase “Running head”
4. Do you have a page number starting on page 2
Abstract
1. 1. Is the word Abstract centered at the top of the page?
2. 2. Does the abstract start on its own page (page 2)
3. Did you identify your problem or research question?
4. Did you note your participants?
5. Did you note your experimental method?
6. Did you note your findings?
7. Did you note your conclusions?
8. Did you identify your problem or research question?
9. Is your abstract less than 250 words?
10. Did you include at least three keywords or key phrases?

Literature Review Study One (This section is nearly identical to Paper I and III)
Yes No Title for the literature review
1. Do you have the identical title you used on the title page rewritten at the top of your literature review?
2. Is this title centered?
3. Does your literature review start on page 2?
Main body of the literature review
1. Does your literature review start broadly, giving a brief overview of the study one to come?
2. Does your literature review start to narrow down toward your hypotheses?
3. Do your paragraphs transition from one to the next? (That is, avoid simply listing studies you read. Tie them together. How does Study A in paragraph A relate to Study B in paragraph B?)
4. Does your paper end in your study one hypotheses? (More specifically, you should have a hypothesis for your main dependent variables).
Citations for the literature review
1. Did you cite a minimum of 5 references (all peer-reviewed resources)? Note that you can give a lot of detail for some references but only a sentence or two for others. How much detail you go into depends on how important the article is in helping your support your hypotheses.
1.a If NO, do your citations between the study one and study two literature reviews add up to ten or more references?
2. Are your citations in APA format (That is, ONLY the last name of the author(s) and date of publication)? Note that you will NOT include first names, initials, or the title of the article the authors wrote when citing. That information belongs in the references pages only
3. If you quoted, did you provide a page number for the direct quote?
4. If you paraphrased in any way, did you cite the source of that information?

Methods Section Study One (This section is identical to Paper II and III – Methods Study One)
Yes No Title for the methods section
1. Is the word “Methods” centered and in bold? (Note: No page break needed)
Yes No Participants
1. Do you have the word “Participants” flush left and in bold, right below the word “Methods”?
2. Did you list out your demographic characteristics, including gender, age, and ethnicity / race?
3. Did you provide the descriptive statistics for (means and standard deviations) for age and italicize the letters M and SD?
4. Did you provide frequencies for gender and ethnicity/race and italicize the N?
5. Did you use the brand new participant set from study two and NOT the set from study one?
Materials and Procedure
1. Did you mention informed consent?
2. Did you thoroughly describe your independent variable in enough depth and detail that another researcher could duplicate your materials?
3. Did you give your IVs names that matches up with the name you refer to in the results section?
4. Did you describe all of your most relevant dependent variables, noting the scales you used (e.g. “Yes / No”, “A scale ranging from 1 (not at all likely) to 9 (very likely))” for EACH of your DVs?
5. Did you fully describe what participants went through in the study, noting the order in which they received study materials (e.g. first informed consent, then IVs, DVs, and debriefing)?

Results Section Study One (This section is identical to Paper II and III – Results Study One)
Yes No Results
1. Do you have the word “Results” centered and in bold, immediately following the methods section?
2. Did you analyze at least three different dependent variables, including one chi square and two one-way ANOVAs?
3. Did you mention all of the IVs and the DV by name when talking about your analysis?
4. Did you include means and standard deviations within parentheses for each level of your independent variable?
5. If your ANOVA was significant, did you include post hoc tests?
6. Did you italicize all statistical symbols (where appropriate)?

Discussion Section Study One (This is identical to Paper II and III – Discussion Study One)
Yes No
1. Do you have the word “Discussion” centered and in bold, immediately following the results section?
2. Did you remind your reader of your hypothesis?
3. Did you mention whether you supported or did not support your hypothesis?

Literature Review Study Two (This section is nearly identical to Paper III)
Yes No Title for the literature review
1. Do you have the identical title you used on the title page rewritten at the top of your literature review?
2. Is this title centered?
3. Does your literature review start on page 2?
Main body of the literature review
1. Does your literature review start broadly, giving a brief overview of the study one to come?
2. Does your literature review start to narrow down toward your hypotheses?
3. Do your paragraphs transition from one to the next? (That is, avoid simply listing studies you read. Tie them together. How does Study A in paragraph A relate to Study B in paragraph B?)
4. Does your paper end in your study one hypotheses? (More specifically, you should have a hypothesis for your main dependent variables).
Citations for the literature review
1. Did you cite a minimum of 5 references (all peer-reviewed resources)? Note that you can give a lot of detail for some references but only a sentence or two for others. How much detail you go into depends on how important the article is in helping your support your hypotheses.
2. Are your citations in APA format (That is, ONLY the last name of the author(s) and date of publication)? Note that you will NOT include first names, initials, or the title of the article the authors wrote when citing. That information belongs in the references pages only
3. If you quoted, did you provide a page number for the direct quote?
4. If you paraphrased in any way, did you cite the source of that information?

Methods Section Study Two (This section is identical to Paper IV – Methods Study Two)
Yes No Header
5. Is your header title present and identical to your header title on the title page?
6. Is your header title in ALL CAPS and 12 point Times New Roman font?
7. Does your header on this second page omit the phrase “Running head”
8. Do you have a page number starting on page 2
Title for the methods section
4. Is the word “Methods” centered and in bold at the top of your methods page?
Yes No Participants
1. Do you have the word “Participants” flush left and in bold, right below the word “Methods”?
2. Did you list out your demographic characteristics, including gender, age, and ethnicity / race?
3. Did you provide the descriptive statistics for (means and standard deviations) for age and italicize the letters M and SD?
4. Did you provide frequencies for gender and ethnicity/race and italicize the N?
5. Did you use the brand new participant set from study two and NOT the set from study one?
Materials and Procedure
1. Did you mention informed consent?
2. Did you thoroughly describe your two independent variables in enough depth and detail that another researcher could duplicate your materials (though you can refer back to study one if the variable is identical)?
3. Did you give your IVs names that matches up with the names you refer to in the results section?
4. Did you describe all of your most relevant dependent variables, noting the scales you used (e.g. “Yes / No”, “A scale ranging from 1 (not at all likely) to 9 (very likely))” for EACH of your DVs?
5. Did you fully describe what participants went through in the study, noting the order in which they received study materials (e.g. first informed consent, then IVs, DVs, and debriefing)?

Results Section Study Two (This section is identical to Paper IV – Results Study Two)
Yes No
1. Do you have the word “Results” centered and in bold, immediately following the methods section?
2. Did you analyze fourdifferent dependent variables? Two for Chi-square tests, and two for 2×2 ANOVAs?
3. Did you mention all of the IVs and the DV by name when talking about your analysis?
4. Did you include means and standard deviations within parentheses for each level of your independent variables?
5. If your interaction effect was significant, did you include follow up simple effects tests? (That is, do you have seven total F tests)?
6. Did you italicize all statistics symbols (where appropriate)?

Discussion Section Study Two (This section is identical to Paper IV – Discussion Study Two)
Yes No
1. Do you have the word “Discussion” centered and in bold, immediately following the results section?
2. Did you remind your reader of your study two hypothesis?
3. Did you mention whether you supported or did not support your study two hypothesis?

Discussion (This section is all new)
Yes No Title for the references page
1. Does the discussion come right at the end of the results section (the discussion does NOT start on its own page)?
2. Is the word “Discussion” centered and bolded?
Discussion Content
1. Did you provide a brief summary of your hypotheses and then note whether your results supported or did not support your hypotheses?
2. Did you avoid restating your statistics and instead use everyday language?
3. Did you compare your results to previous studies?
4. Did you mention your study limitations?
5. Did you mention potential follow-up/further studies?
6. IF you cited in this section, did you cite using APA formatting?

References Page (This section is identical to Paper III – Study TwoLiterature Review)
Yes No Title for the references page
1. Do references start on their own page?
2. Is the word “References” centered?
References – Make sure these are in APA format!
1. Are references listed in alphabetical order (starting with the last name of the first author listed) for all 10 articles you referenced?
2. Are all citations from the literature review referenced?
3. Is the first line of the reference flush left while subsequent lines are indented (Note: Use the ruler function for this. DO NOT simply tab)?
4. Did you use the “&” symbol when listing more than one author name?
5. Did you include the date of publication
6. For article references, is the article title (which is not italicized) with only the first word and proper names starting with a capital letter?
7. For article references, is the name of the journal present with all major words starting with a capital letter (and this journal title is italicized)?
8. For article references, is the volume number italicized
9. For article references, are the page numbers present (not italicized)
10. For article references, is the doi present

Tables

1. Does you have three tables (Table 1, 2, and 3), all of which start on their own page?
2. Does each table have table title?
3. Is your table APA format?
4. Is your table section AFTER references section?
Table Information
1. For your manipulation check, did you include your chi square info? (If a chi square, did you include your chi square value, p value, and percentages?)
2. For your first 2 X 2 ANOVA, Make sure to include information your Tests of Between Subject Effects table. If your interaction is not significant, you’re done. If it is significant, normally you would add a follow-up table.
3. For your second 2 X 2 ANOVA, same with the first 2×2 ANOVA tables

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