Quantitative study on successful project outcomes and the application of servant leadership
Quantitative study on successful project outcomes and the application of servant leadership
Research question : What is the relationship, if any, between successful project outcomes and the application of servant leadership?
1. Title Page
4. Problem Statement
• The four parts of the problem statement are:
o Hook (with a peer-reviewed citation that is 5 or less years old)
o Anchor (includes a number supported with a peer-reviewed citation that is 5 or less years old)
o General business problem
o Specific business problem to be researched
Use this template as you write your problem statement for
Business Problem Statement
Hook: (a wow statement that is supported with a peer reviewed article/government citation that meets the 85% rule)
Anchor: (includes a number to demonstrate a problem exists – supported with a peer reviewed article/government citation that meets the 85% rule)
The general business problem is that some (who? i.e. hiring managers, front line supervisors, etc.) in (identify the type of business, i.e., call center, etc.)___ are being negatively affected by _(the phenomenon__ which results in __(negative consequence, loss of profitability, employee turnover, etc.) ______ for the business.
The specific business problem is that some ____(who)____in (type of business)___ located in ____(geographical location)____ lacks a ___(strategy or knowledge)______to ___________________________(see general business problem).
5. Purpose Statement
The purpose of this qualitative case study is to explore (strategies to maximize employee retention. The targeted population will consist of (XXXX who will give you the data- i.e.owners of companies) located in (XXXX what geographical location,). The implication for positive social change includes the potential to (provide social change statement XXXX).
_Research_Question:What is the relationship, if any, between successful project outcomes and the application of servant leadership?
6. Significance of Study
7. Nature of Study
8. Literature Review (20 peer reviewed articles from 2012-2015)
Write a 10-page paper not including title and references page that addresses relevant theories and empirical research, leading to a significant research topic, problem, and research question(s). For your chosen research topic, provide an academic argument for funding that might support a vital new step in improving project-based strategic leadership. You do not have to actually design a study to the point of specifying research measures of effective project leadership or specifying samples. However, try to evolve your thinking to the point of framing a relevant research topic, problem, and question(s) on which your proposed research would be focused.
Your question(s) should be complete enough to suggest the development of an important theory, address a gap in a current model, or demonstrate an immediate application for solving common organizational problems. Rather than attempting to include as many references as possible, try to emphasize the logical coherence of your evidence of conceptual foundations. Build an academic argument for why your research problem and question(s) are important. An obvious extension of your paper would be to use it as a springboard for a doctoral proposal. Your paper could also be useful for potential use in the development of Chapter 2 of your Proposal and Doctoral Study Completion.
Your Final Paper should adhere to APA format (6th edition), which requires a title page, a reference list, appropriate sections and their headings, and it should also include the following elements:
Please give DOI if given
I have attached a copy of a dissertation as a guide!!
Background of the Problem
Text begins here. Provide an overview of the context or background of the problem. DBA Doctoral Studies are focused on applied research in contrast to basic research in PhD Dissertations.
This section has a clear statement demonstrating that the focus of the study is on a significant applied business problem that is worthy of study. There is a brief, well-articulated summary of research literature that substantiates the context of the study by indicating a gap in effective business practice and potential solutions vis-à-vis the literature.
Text begins here. Text begins here. The problem statement describes the overall research problem being addressed and indicates why it is important to the practice of management (e.g., who would care if the problem were studied? It is helpful to state the general problem first and then state the specific problem considered. One approach is state a problem as a gap between the current state of a situation and the desired state of the situation. Either the current state or desired state may be implied and thus not explicitly included in the problem statement.
The problem statement concisely states what will be studied by describing at least two variables and a conjectured relationship between them in quantitative studies. The problem statement describes the need for increased understanding about the issue to be explored in qualitative studies.
Problem statements should be concise: 150 to 250 words.
• General business problem that exists in business.
Two citations are required from the literature to establish a problem exists.
Jones (2010) stated that employee turnover in the healthcare industry averages 46% across the nation. According to Smith (2010), employee turnover contributes to loss of both revenue and customers. The numbers and citations anchor the existence of the problem.
• Your specific issue/problem that you will address.
Employee turnover in Denver, Colorado is 66%, or employee turnover in Houston, Texas is 12%.
The focus of this study is to explore or examine xxxxxxx
Text begins here. The Purpose Statement of the study clearly describes the intent/focus of the investigation. Smith (2009) provided an excellent discussion on the purpose statement as well as some scripts that may be useful in constructing this statement.
The statement should be crafted into a mini story (250 words) that includes the following six pieces of information:
• Research method is identified as qualitative, quantitative, or mixed.
• Research design is clearly stated.
• Research variables (if a quantitative or mixed method) are briefly identified: independent, dependent (experimental study), or a correlation (relationships, comparison).
• Specific population group of study is identified and justified.
• Geographic location of study is identified.
• Contribution to social change is described.
Nature of the Study
Text begins here. Provide a brief discussion on the research method and design. State why one method (qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods) was selected and why it was selected over the other methods. State why one design (within the method) was selected and why it was selected over other designs. Note: It is not sufficient to state what method and design were chosen but why they would be better than other methods/designs.
Discussions relating to the methods/designs must be from multiple authors. For example, Smith (2010) stated that qualitative studies xxxxxx. According to Schneider (2008), qualitative studies xxxxx. Multiple perspectives must be provided.
Text begins here. Identify the research question that will guide the study. For example, this study explores, examines, or xxx. Note: There may be one or more overall central questions.
Text begins here. Smith (2009) provided an excellent discussion on the research questions and hypotheses statements as well as some scripts that may be useful in constructing these statements.
List hypothesis/hypotheses as H10, H1a and so on. Note: A hypothesis or hypotheses are required for quantitative or mixed methods studies only.
Significance of the Study
Contribution to Business Practice
Text begins here. Discuss how this study will fill gaps in the understanding and effective practice of business.
A Review of the Professional and Academic Literature
Text begins here. Ten key elements are required in this subsection. (a) An introduction containing a discussion of the content of the literature, the organization of the review, and the strategy for searching the literature. (b) The review of related research and literature is clearly related to the applied problem statement as expressed in research questions or hypotheses. (c) The review of related research and literature compares and contrasts different points of view and the relationship of the study to previous research and findings. (d) Concise summaries of the literature define the most important aspects of the theory for understanding improved business practice and which will be examined or tested for quantitative studies or substantiate the rationale or theoretical frameworkfor the study that will provide the context for understanding and explaining the elements for improved business practice (for qualitative studies). (e) There is literature-based description of the research variables (quantitative studies), or potential themes and perceptions to be explored (qualitative studies), (f) The content of the review is drawn from acceptable peer-reviewed journals or sound academic journals or there is a justification for using other sources.
Average length of a literature review is 100 + peer-reviewed references with 80 to 85% being published within the last 3 to 5 years. (g) Literature related to the research design and method(s) is reviewed. (h) Literature related to the use of differing methodologies to investigate the outcomes of interest is reviewed. (i) The methods review is an integrated, critical essay on the most relevant and current published knowledge on the topic. The review is organized around major ideas or themes that will inform the research project. (j) The preliminary research design is presented and a detailed argument as to why and how the research design is appropriate to the business problem/research questions is presented.
Notes: Citations must be written in past tense and a summary of the literature provided. Most often you will have one paragraph per source. You may need more than occasionally but not often. You also may sometimes summarize more than one source in a paragraph when the studies reviewed are very similar in some aspect. The summary should clearly illustrate the importance of the source to an understanding of your study.
Important Clarifications about what is a Business Problem
Despite the repeated and continuing distribution of pronouncements, guidance, examples and a well-made video on the subject, we are still seeing students attempting to develop a proposal based on a societal, political, educational or medical issue, instead of a real world documentable business problem.
Please keep in mind that a DBA program by definition and by accreditation is much narrower in focus than a Ph.D. program.
• In a Ph.D. program, a gap in the body of knowledge or a purely theoretical question is sufficient to justify an inquiry. However, in a DBA program it must be a real world business problem.
• In a Ph.D. program, it is acceptable to study how a business policy or practice impacts society or a category of people. However, in a DBA program a business problem, first and primarily impacts a business, not a category or group of society or a community.
• In a Ph.D. program, it is acceptable to study a subject that a political group, advocacy group or category of people think is a problem that businesses should address. However, in a DBA program a business problem is something that is seen from the point of view of the management of businesses or the leaders of an industry as a problem because it negatively impacts the business or industry.
Additionally, a key component of a specific business problem is that it deals with a business process that the organization’s managers or leaders need to address in order to effectively meet elements of their strategic plan or the organization’s mission.
Also, a business problem is one that a business leader or leaders can solve and are responsible for solving. Business leaders cannot solve and are not responsible for solving societal problems, social justice issues, social equality issues, national policy, economic issues, failure of an educational curriculum, or the efficacy of teaching or medical practices.
The validity and acceptability of a proposed problem statement is first and foremost the responsibility of the student. We are holding our DBA students responsible for the condition of their problem statement. As independent scholars in development, we expect them to seek, read, understand, apply and conform to the published and provided guidance of this DBA program.
We continue to hear the refrain “but, I am passionate about this subject”. This is not a justification for a DBA study. For the most part the things that we are passionate about are family, personal and social issues. Therefore do not try to make your passion the focus of your proposal, instead find a business problem. There are rare times when a student can “turn” a social, educational, or public policy topic into an acceptable business problem, but be forewarned that in the vast majority of cases this does not work. Additionally in those rare cases where it does work, the time and effort necessary to stretch a topic into a business problem can take 3 to 4 times as long as preparing a straight-forward business study. Moreover, it is just too easy, in the midst of writing, to let one’s passions metaphorically take and skew the proposal or study back down the wrong path (back to a social, educational, or policy study). This can result in the waste of a considerable amount of time, effort and money.
The best strategy is to table the passion topic for post-doctorate research and from the beginning focus on identifying a clear business problem to get the DBA doctoral study done within a reasonable period of time. Once a person completes a DBA, they may address any issue they desire.
(1.3)Problem Statementa. Provides a “current” hook supported by peer reviewed or government citation less than 5-years old from anticipated graduation date.
b. Provides a “current” data driven anchorsupported by peer reviewed or government citationless than 5-years old from anticipated completion date
c. States the general business problem Note: This element should start as follows: The general business problem is…
d. States the specific business problem. Be sure to state who has the specific problem (i.e. small business leaders, project managers, supply chain managers, etc.) Note: This element should start as follows: The specific business problem is that some (identify who has the problem)…
e. Ensures the specific business problem aligns with the research question and purpose statement.
f. Problem Statement does not exceed 150 words.
• Check with Ulrich’s Periodical Directory http://library.waldenu.edu/728.htm to ensure citations are peer reviewed.
• See Problem Statement Video Tutorial at: http://youtu.be/IYWzCYyrgpo.
(1.4)Purpose Statement:Describes the intent of the research . The Purpose Statement is a mini story and must not exceed 200 words. The Purpose Statement must address the following six elements:
a. Identifies the research method as qualitative , quantitative , or mixed-methods.
b. Identifies research design (i.e. case study, phenomenological, quasi-experimental,correlational, etc.).
c. If quantitative or mixed method:Identifies a minimum of two independent (experimental/quasi-experimental designs) or predictor(correlational designs) and dependent variable(s). Note: The quantitative study must include at least two independent/predictor variables.
d. Identifies specific population group for proposed study.
e. Identifies geographic location of the study.
f. Identifies contribution to social change.
g. Ensures the first sentence links/aligns directly with the specific business problem.
(1.5)Nature of the Study: Provides a brief discussion on the research method (i.e. quantitative or qualitative) and design (i.e. correlation for quantitative study; phenomenological, case study, etc., for a qualitative design); cite a minimum of one source (The method and design will be discussed in greater detail in Section 2).
• Note: A single paragraph can be used for each component: one for the method and one for the design.
a. Identifiesthe selection of one method (qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods) and why other methods would not work (cite a minimum of one source).
b. Identifies the selection of the design (within the method) and why it was selected over other designs (cite a minimum of one source).
(1.6)Research Questions (Quantitative Only)a. Lists research question(s) in about 10-15 words (20 words max).
b. Ensures research question(s) aligns with the specific business problem and first line of the Purpose Statement.
c. Includes the independent/predictor and dependent variables as identified in the Purpose Statement.
d. Lists research sub-questions that align with each hypotheses set.
(1.14) Review of the Professional and Academic Literature A. Literature Review Opening Narrative
i. Contains a brief discussion of the content of the literature that includes a critical analysis and synthesis of various sources/content of the literature (journals, reports, and scholarly seminal books, etc.) to convince readers of depth of inquiry.
ii. Explains the organization of the review.
iii. Explains the strategy for searching the literature.
iv. Includes a brief summary of the frequencies and percentages of peer reviewed articles and articles published within five years of expected CAO approval.
vi. Ensures 85% of the total sources are peer reviewed with a minimum of 60-peer reviewed sources in the literature review.
vii. Ensures 85% of the total sources have a publication date less than 5-years from the anticipated completion date (CAO approval).