Rights of Women in Child Custody

My Topic: Rights of Women in Child Custody
SOURCES:
(1) Epstein, Rona. “Mothers in Prison: The Rights of the Child.” Criminal Justice Matters 86.1 (2011): 12-13. Print.
Of the 11,044 women who entered prison in the UK in 2009, about half were on remand, spending an average of four to six weeks in prison. Following trial, 61 per cent of women sentenced to custody received sentences of six months or less (Prison Reform Trust, 2010). In the same year, 3,000 women were sentenced to custody for three months or less, of whom 176 were sentenced to ten days or less. This suggests that a signi?cant number of women are imprisoned for relatively minor offences. Many are mothers of dependent children.
(2) Morgan, Robin. “Women of the Arab Spring.” Ms 21.2 (2011): 20-22. Print.
After independence from France in 1956, the government abolished polygamy and legislated women’s equality in marriage, divorce and child custody. […] Khadija Cherif, former head of the Tunisian Association of Democratic Women, guarantees women will continue to defend separation of mosque and state, saying, “The force of the Tunisian feminist movement is that we’ve never separated it from the ?ght for democracy and a secular society.” Soon, unsung protest coordinator Amai Sharaf – a 36-year-old English teacher, single mother and member of the organizers’ April 6 Youth Movement – was spending days and nights in the movement’s tiny of?ce, smoking furiously and overseeing a crew of
men
(3) Fransson, Emma, et al. “Why Should They Live More with One of Us When
They Are Children to Us Both?: Parents’ Motives for Practicing Equal Joint Physical Custody for Children Aged 0-4.” Children and Youth Services Review 66 (2016): 154-160. Print.
Joint physical custody, i.e., children spending an equal amount of time in both parents’ home after a separation or divorce, is increasing in many countries. In line with the national policy to promote paternal involvement in parenting, two-thirds of Swedish preschoolers with non-cohabiting parents live in two homes. Internationally, there has been a debate regarding the bene?ts or risks with joint physical custody for infants and toddlers. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the reasons given by divorced parents for sharing joint physical custody of children 0-4<ce:hsp sp=”0.25″/>years of age. Interviews were conducted with 46 parents (18 fathers and 28 mothers) and analyzed using systematic text condensation. Two themes emerged in response to the research question. In the theme <ce:italic>Same rights and responsibilities</ce:italic>, parents described that joint physical custody was ‘a given’ as both parents were seen to have equal rights to and responsibility for the children. Both men and women described
involved fatherhood as an ideal goal. In the theme <ce:italic>For the sake of the child</ce:italic>, parents emphasized that joint physical custody was in the best interest of the child. Some parents had con?icts with their ex-spouses, but were still convinced of the bene?ts of joint physical custody and strove to make it work.
(4) Welchman, Lynn. Women and Muslim Family Laws in Arab States : A Comparative Overview of Textual Development and Advocacy. Amsterdam?: Amsterdam University Press, 2007. Web. ISIM series on contemporary Muslim societies; ISIM series on contemporary Muslim societies.
A number of Arab states have recently either codi?ed Muslim family law for the ?rst time, or have issued amendments or new laws which signi?cantly impact the statutory rights of women as wives, mothers and daughters. In Women and Muslim Family Laws in Arab States Lynn Welchman examines women’s rights in Muslim family laws in Arab states across the Middle East while also surveying the public debates surrounding the issues. The author considers these new laws alongside older statutes to comment on the patterns and dynamics of change both in the texts of the laws, and in the processes through by which they are drafted and issued. She draws on original legal texts and explanatory statements as well as on extensive secondary literature particular to certain states for an insight into practice, and on; interventions by women’s rights organizations and other parties to the debate in the press and in advocacy materials. The discussions are set in the contemporary global context that ‘internationalises’ the domestic and regional debates. The book considers laws in states from the Gulf to North Africa in regard to their approaches to issues of codi?cation processes and issues of and of registration, capacity and guardianship in marriage, polygyny, the marital relationship, divorce and child custody. — Publisher description.
(5) Cohen, Laurie P. “A Law’s Fallout: Women in Prison Fight for Custody; It Encourages Adoption of Many Foster Kids; Mothers Lose Contact.” The Wall Street Journal Eastern Edition 0.0 (2006): A1(1). Print.
Parental Rights — A Law’s Fallout: Women in Prison Fight for Custody; It
Encourages Adoption Of Many Foster Kids; Mothers Lose Contact; Judge: ‘Too Much History’
(6) Levin, Amy, and Linda G. Mills. “Fighting for Child Custody When Domestic Violence Is at Issue: Survey of State Laws.” Social Work 48.4 (2003): 463-70. Print.
This study presents national data on each state’s legislative approach to custody cases involving allegations of domestic violence. Battered women’s advocates have successfully lobbied in some states for rebuttable presumption statutes that direct judges to deny sole or joint custody to abusive parents unless they present persuasive evidence establishing their suitability to obtain custody. Other states-at the behest of fathers’ rights advocates-have adopted factor tests in which judges consider domestic violence as “one factor” in determining custody. Our ?ndings suggest that each regulatory schema has strengths and weaknesses, but that these approaches have been developed without the bene?t of intensive study. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT] Key words: battered women; best interests of the child; child custody; domestic violence; father’s rights; social work practice
(7) Sack, Laura (1991) “Women and Children First: A Feminist Analysis of the Primary Caretaker Standard in Child Custody Cases,” Yale Journal of Law & Feminism: Vol. 4: Iss. 2, Article 4.
This Article is brought to you for free and open access by Yale Law School Legal Scholarship Repository. It has been accepted for inclusion in Yale Journal of Law & Feminism by an authorized administrator of Yale Law School Legal
Scholarship Repository. And its about women and children ?rst: A Feminist
Analysis of the Primary Caretaker Standard in Child Custody Cases [A] custody decree is not meant to punish a parent,or anyone else;its only purpose is to help the children1.

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