Sport and the Media Study Guide

Sport and the Media Study Guide

Exam 3 Study Guide Disability and Sport Media 1. What does it mean to say that sport played by athletes with disabilities is “symbolically annihilated” from
mainstream media? 2. What do disability scholars mean by the ‘moral order of the body’? How does this relate to the ideology of disability? How does it relate to
media coverage of athletes with disabilities? 3. What is universal access? Give an example in the world. Give an example in sport. 4. In their article, “Inclusion of
Persons With Disabilities Through Media Sports: Attitudinal and Behavioral News-Framing Effects,” von Sikorski and Schierl (2014) investigate the impact of particular
media framing of athletes with disabilities (AWD). What are media frames? What do von Sikorski and Schierl find with regard to media framing and athletes with
disabilities? 5. Critically analyze the documentary Murder Ball. Be sure to do a complete analysis, including: ideologies (e.g. disability, masculinity, femininity,
meritocracy, patriotism, family, others?), how ideologies are resisted and/or maintained, the particular context (e.g. social, political, historical, etc.), and use of
technology to tell a story (e.g. camera, recording, audio, etc.). Your analysis should be organized by theme (I’d suggest by ideologies). Use class material and the
reading, Von Sikorski & Schierl (2014) to support your analysis. Sport Media Audiences 6. What are the challenges of studying sport audiences? 7. What are the three
broad categories of motivation that explain why people watch sport? 8. Explain ‘effects’ research on media audiences. What are some examples of this type of
research? What are the main findings? 9. Draw and fully explain Frandsen’s Sport Viewing Model. Pick one example of sports viewing (such as a particular sporting
event, like the Olympic Games, World Cup Soccer, March Madness, etc.) and use the model to explain it. Together, in doing these two things (explaining and applying),
you will have to explain the component, relate it to your particular example and show how each area helps us to understand sports viewing. Symbols: Cultural Meanings
and Importance 10. What is semiotics? How is it helpful for considering the Native American Mascot issue and for studying sport media in general? What is our main â
€˜sign system’? 11. Explain sign, signifier and signified. Give an example. 12. What are symbols? How do they come to have the meaning that they have? Can they be
divorced of their meaning and history? Why or why not? 13. What is cultural appropriation? When can it have negative consequences? 14. What’s a floating or empty
signifier? Give an example. 15. What does Felix Cohen mean by ‘transcendental nonsense’ and ‘weasel words’? Give examples? Why were these strategies used in
creating narratives about Native Americans? How does it relate to the current mascot issue and how people respond to it? 16. Historically, how have symbols and
propaganda of non-dominant groups been used against those groups (e.g. black people in the U.S., Jewish people in Germany leading up to World War II)? Why? How does
the debate over Native American mascots and names relate to this? What’s the impact on Native Americans? 17. Michael Friedman argues that Native American images and
names being used as mascots is a public health issue? Why does he argue this? What support does he use for his argument? How are Native Americans, as a group, doing in
the US right now? How does this relate to the Native American mascot issue? (Here’s the link to a symposium where Friedman gives this argument. We talked about it in
class, too. His talk starts at 4:50 https://youtu.be/HU2lBQk_L34?list=UUTX1ABn2V3V9iuR2HXBy1Fg ) 18. Fryberg, Markus, Oyserman, and Stone (2008) argue that “American
Indian mascots are harmful because they remind American Indians of the limited ways others see them and, in this way, constrain how they can see themselves” (p. 208).
What do they mean by this? What research do they do to come to this conclusion? 19. Does the dominant groups’ emotional attachment to a racist symbol justify the use
of that symbol? Explain your reasoning. Give historical examples of symbols that were common, but would no longer be acceptable today. Were there people in the past
who had an emotional attachment to those symbols? Why did change happen

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