the difference between a trend and an issue

Question
What is the difference between a trend and an issue in terms of employment?
A. trends are general changes and issues are problems
B. trends are problems and issues are general changes
C. trends are always decreasing changes and problems are always increasing changes
D. there is no difference between the two
1 points

QUESTION 2
As issues in employment increase, the government may:
A. ask producers to raise prices on goods and services
B. call for collective bargaining meeting
C. pass new laws, regulations, or special contracts to lessen the issues
D. none of the above
1 points

QUESTION 3
The law(s) passed by the government which lessened wage discrimination in the workplace is the:
A. Civil Rights Act
B. Equal Pay Act
C. Fair Labor Standards Act
D. both A and B
1 points

QUESTION 4
“A general increase in prices” is also known as:
A. inflation
B. regulations
C. trends
D. givebacks
1 points

QUESTION 5
What would happen if a worker receives more education or training?
A. their knowledge will increase
B. they will be seen as hard working
C. their wages will likely increase
D. all of the above
1 points

QUESTION 6
All of the members of a particular organization or population make up the nation’s:
A. workforce
B. consumers
C. employers
D. unemployed
1 points

QUESTION 7
How are the “learning effect” and “screening effect” similar?
A. both decrease wage discrimination in the workplace
B. both are concerned with the idea that education will improve an employee’s chances of success in the workplace
C. both deal with the issue of inflation
D. there is no difference
1 points

QUESTION 8
What is a consequence of workers demanding a wage increase?
A. producers will have lower input costs and will have to lower prices of goods to consumers to make up for them
B. producers will have higher input costs and will have to raise their prices on goods sold to consumers to make up for them
C. consumers will spend the extra money too slowly
D. there is no consequence
1 points

QUESTION 9
Which of the following best defines “glass ceiling”?
A. an unofficial barrier that prevents women and minorities from advancing in the workplace
B. lowest amount that employers could pay for most types of work
C. the amount of products sold in a market
D. a cut in emplyee wages or benefits given in exchange for other benefits
1 points

QUESTION 10
What is an issue pertaining to employment?
A. two-tier wage system
B. education
C. a changing economy
D. a changing workforce
1 points

QUESTION 11
What is one reason wages do not increase as much as they used to?
A. competition has decreased in the world market
B. give-back programs
C. employers now offer benefits
D. both A and B
1 points

QUESTION 12
Why might a producer disagree with the minimum wage?
A. they will not save on shipping costs
B. because they may need to increase their costs
C. because they may have paid workers more
D. they do not disagree with minimum wage
1 points

QUESTION 13
What is an example of white collar worker?
A. short-order cook
B. math teacher
C. landscaper
D. electrician
1 points

QUESTION 14
What would result from a failure of collective bargaining and mediation?
A. fact finding
B. arbitration
C. collective bargain continues once more
D. none of the above
1 points

QUESTION 15
The point at which the supply and demand curve intersect is called:
A. equilibrium wage
B. equilibrium price
C. equilibrium market
D. all of these
1 points

QUESTION 16
How is supply and demand for labor similar to supply and demand for goods and services?
A. both can have a shortage that will bring prices paid up
B. both can have a surplus that can bring prices paid down
C. both can have an equilibrium price
D. all of the above
1 points

QUESTION 17
Most people need a college education in order to be considered to:
A. have a blue collar job
B. get paid hourly
C. have a white collar job
D. all of the above
1 points

QUESTION 18
What is an example of a job held by a skilled laborer?
A. teacher
B. auto mechanic
C. landscaper
D. short order cook
1 points

QUESTION 19
Which of the following workers will probably make the most in wages?
A. dishwasher
B. telemarketer
C. plumber
D. they all would make the same amount as they are all unskilled workers
1 points

QUESTION 20
What best describes the theory of negotiated wages?
A. explains the wage rates based on the bargaining strength of labor unions
B. states that wages are determined by the laws of supply and demand in the market
C. the understanding of the collective bargaining process
D. none of the above
1 points

QUESTION 21
Which of the following statements is true about fact finding?
A. their solution is legally binding
B. their solution is not legally binding
C. their solution is usually in favor of unions
D. their solution is usually in favor of producers/management
1 points

QUESTION 22
What is the relationship between wages paid and the skill level of a worker?
A. the higher the level of education and training, the higher the wages paid
B. the higher the skill level, the lower the wages paid
C. the higher the skill level, the higher the wages paid
D. both A and C
1 points

QUESTION 23
Who usually gets paid a salary rather than paid per labor hour produced?
A. skilled laborer
B. semi-skilled laborer
C. professional laborer
D. unskilled laborer
1 points

QUESTION 24
If there is a surplus in labor, what is a possible result?
A. unemployment may be low
B. wages paid would increase
C. wages paid would decrease
D. wages would be at equilibrium
1 points

QUESTION 25
What is a goal of the American Federation of Labor?

shorter work days

higher wages

better working conditions

all of the above

1 points

QUESTION 26
What is NOT a reason as to why labor unions have been on the decline?

bad reputation

high union dues

laws have been passed to restrict unions in the US

changes in the labor force

1 points

QUESTION 27
What is the best definition for a strike?

an organized stopping of work intended to force a producer to address union demands

workers stop working

action taken by union workers to advertise the wrongdoings of the producer to the public

a mediation process to settle differences between workers and producers

1 points

QUESTION 28
How is the American Federation of Labor similar to the Knight of Labor?

they are both craft unions

they are both industrial unions

they are both producer unions

they were both created by Samuel Gompers

1 points

QUESTION 29
What is a result of the decrease of the blue collar industry.

union membership has decreased

union membership has increased

unions have gotten a bad reputation

there is no result

1 points

QUESTION 30
What is the last resort in the collective bargaining process?

collective bargaining itself

arbitration

mediation

none of the above

1 points

QUESTION 31
For what purpose was the Fair Labor Standards Act written?

to protect children from abuse in the work place

to ensure that children of any age can work anywhere

to prevent discrimination in schools

to promote the hiring of children ages 12 and under

1 points

QUESTION 32
Which of the following is NOT a means of reaching an agreement between producer and unions?

collective bargaining

arbitration

violence

mediation

1 points

QUESTION 33
What is an alternative tool that a producer can use if a union decided to strike?

hire scabs

blacklist all of the workers that went on strike

use a lockout when workers are ready to come back to work

all of the above

1 points

QUESTION 34
What did the Taft-Hartley Act do?

outlawed closed shops and weakened union shops

supported closed shops and strengthened union shops

made unions illegal in New York

none of the above

1 points

QUESTION 35
Who was the founder of the Knights of Labor?

Uriah Stephens

Samuel Gompers

Taft Hartley

none of the above

1 points

QUESTION 36
What type of union would workers join who have similar skills but work in different industries for different producers?

industrial union

craft union

strike union

none of the above

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