torts

Attached are the PDF documents which includes the case study. Based on the attached documents and
your own research, please answer below 4 questions. Please note, any referencing should be in Harvard
style.
Q1:
Cases such as Bolton v Stone and Miller v Jackson provide examples of the different approaches taken by
the judiciary in relation to determining whether a defendant has breached his/her duty to take reasonable
care. Describe the tests used to establish the negligence of a defendant and explain how the law has
developed to make the exercise o??????f these tests more relevant in the modern era.
Q2:
Critically assess the defences available to a claim of nuisance. Do you feel they are fair or at least
adequate and what suggestions could you make for improvements? Justify your answer through a critique
of the case law.
Q3:
?The case of Alcock v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire identify the rules to be satisfied before a
successful claim as a secondary victim could be made. The judgment demonstrates the problems and
practical difficulties in successfully establishing a claim where the claimant has not suffered any direct
harm, or feared personal harm. As such, liability for psychiatric damage in such cases is rarely held and for
all practical purposes should be abolished.? Critically analyse the above statement.
Q4:
With specific reference to case law, explain the rules establishing the doctrine of vicarious liability. Identify
the justifications for the doctrine and assess how many are still appropriate to businesses in the modern
era.

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