Write a C++ program that emulate the operating system’s responsibility of allocating memory to certain programs.

Write a C++ program that emulate the operating system’s responsibility of allocating memory to certain programs. This will be a very simple page-based view of memory management. On startup, your program will have some 32 pages of contiguous, unused memory. Each page will be 4 KB long
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Details

1. (Data Structures:) You are required to implement a linked-list data structure to represent the memory of the operating system. It is suggested that each node of the linked list should represent some “chunk” (page) of memory.

2. One strong suggestion is to use 2 linked lists in your program: one to maintain the free space and one to maintain the used space. Initially, the free space contains a single node representing the entire memory. The used list is then empty. When a program is added, you then have to “split” the node in the free list and add a new node to your used list.

3. Another way: Every node in your list is a page of memory with a given sequence number (Page 0 → Page 1 → Page 2, etc). So, when your program starts, your free list should contain all 32 pages in sequence. As more programs are added, the pages move from the free list into the used list. Note that the order of the lists must be maintained! [Note: This approach works OK for small memory size, but it will have scalability issue when the main memory is reaching gigabyte range (e.g., 1GB/4KB = 250, 000 page-nodes)]

4. (Algorithms:) When your OS/MM program is launched, it needs to decide which algorithm to allocate the contiguous memory for programs. To solve this issue, you are required to implement the best-fit and worst-fit algorithms when choosing pages.

5. When a program is “killed”, your OS needs to reclaim that memory. This means that you will need to add the memory used by that program to your free list. Note that if there is free memory immediately adjacent to this memory, you may need to combine them.

6. (Computation:) At any given point, the users should be able to query your OS to get the number of “fragments” in memory. You will also certainly want some way of printing out your memory to the screen to ease the debugging process

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